INTD 200 Lecture Notes - Self-Determination, Human Rights Day, Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

27 views7 pages
Lecture 3: Development and Human Rights
12/16/12 9:22 AM
Are human rights and democracy an obstacle to development or an essential
to development?
Human Rights: rights that attach to every human being by the very fact of
his or her existence, inherent rights, colour, race, nationality, gender,
intelligence, ability or disability do not matter
Cannot be given or taken away
Can be recognized, but are inherent
Do not have to be civil or constitutional but still apply to everyone
Can be ignored and abused
Once legislated they become civil, constitutional rights
Some civil and constitutional rights are not human rights
Universal inherent human rights was first promoted as a philosophical
proposition.
UN Charter
Preamble: dignity of the human, equal rights
Article 1, Subsection 3
o Promoting and encouraging respect for human rights
o For all
Prevention of War, Building of Peace, Respect for Human Rights,
Economic and social development
Universal Declaration of Human Rights: 1948
Adopted by many different types of states
Doubt it could be done today
Came about in the aftermath of WW2 ! remembered the massive
bombings, Holocaust, soldiers killed
Revolutionary because
o First time the whole world recognized that certain rights
belonged to all human beings.
o First time that an instrument in international law gave a high
priority to individual rights instead of state rights.
o First time there was a significant recognition of cultural,
economic and social rights.
" Came about by the third world, they would not sign if it
did not include these
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
o Articles 22-27
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o Article 22: Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to
social security and is entitled to realization, through national
effort and international co-operation and in accordance with
the organization and resources of each State, of the
economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his
dignity and the free development of his personality.
o Article 23:
" Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of
employment, to just and favourable conditions of work
and to protection against unemployment.
" Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to
equal pay for equal work.
" Everyone who works has the right to just and
favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his
family an existence worthy of human dignity, and
supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social
protection.
" Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions
for the protection of his interests.
o Article 24: Everyone has the right to rest and leisure,
including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic
holidays with pay.
o Article 25
" Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate
for the health and well-being of himself and of his
family, including food, clothing, housing and medical
care and necessary social services, and the right to
security in the event of unemployment, sickness,
disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood
in circumstances beyond his control.
" Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care
and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of
wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
o Article 26
" Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be
free, at least in the elementary and fundamental
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.