INTD 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Peacekeeping, Millennium Development Goals, Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

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Lecture 14: role of the UN in Development and
Human Rights
12/16/12 9:22 AM
Goals of the UN Charter
1. Prevention of war and the maintenance of peace.
2. Promotion and support of development.
3. Promotion and support of human rights.
UDHR Preamble: every individual and every organ of society keeping this
declaration constantly in mind should strive to promote respect for these
rights and freedom and should strive to enforce these.
For development to be successful, you need peace. Development is not just
economic, it involves development of the person also. HDI is used by the
UNDP to measure development. Therefore, you need human rights to
develop.
What has the UN done to go about achieving these goals (Peace)?
Peace keeping operations
Peace making operations
Develop treaties on nuclear weapons
Nuclear free zones
Landmines Treaty
Convention against chemical weapons
Convention against biological weapons
UN has right to use force in instances where a conflict is about to
take place
Vienna Declaration: a declaration about what was decided at a world
conference
The universality is beyond question
Human rights are the birthright of human beings
Protection of these rights is the first job of governments
o Use this against free trade
Right to development is a fundamental human right
Economic and Social Council: Chapter 10 Article 61
UNDP, FAO, WHO, UNESCO, UNICEF: made to advance economic and social
development goals
The goal of all countries with respect to aid should be .07% of GNP. This was
almost universally accepted, but very few countries meet this target.
Norway, Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Finland
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