INTD 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Commodification, Food Security

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Lecture 15: Food Insecurity
12/16/12 9:22 AM
Food Insecurity
Chronic under nutrition
Abnormal food shortage (famine)
Links directly to poverty and market relations
Food security means that food is available at all times; that all persons
have means of access to it; that it is nutritionally adequate in terms of
quantity, quality and variety; and that it is acceptable within the given
Food Insecurity vs. Famine
Chronic under nutrition
HIV à feedback loop
Lack of agricultural technologies
Widespread and seasonal à usually related to poverty
Prices go up for food
Can happen in food export countries à about access
Work for Food programs
Importing food from other countries can decrease prices on locally produced
Looking at food security across the countries, doesn’t give you the full story
of who is really being fed
Certain people are more vulnerable to food shocks than others, certain
people are food insecure others aren’t
1. Population growth, environment (Malthus)
famine is a check on increasing population
increased population = environmental degradation = harder time
growing food
2. Failure of peasantry
Small farmers don’t adopt new technologies, therefore are hurting
the environment and aren’t as productive
This argument is used as a rational to reallocate land between small
farm holders and big corporations
Against: indigenous knowledge which is productive
3. Inappropriate government policies
if states import food and price it lower, then local farmers are hurt
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