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Lecture 13

Lecture 13:Human Rights Implementation and Enforcement

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International Development
INTD 200
Warren Allmand

Lecture 13: Human Rights Implementation and Enforcement 12/16/12 9:22 AM The enforcement of human rights standards is very difficult. How do we enforce these standards? When a country ratifies a convention, the first thing a country must do is implement it in their country first. • Make it a law • Enforce it at home • Institutions • Problem: sometimes they are phony and never disagree with the government in power 1993: Paris Principles • set standards for human right institutions and commissions at the national level • human rights commission must be independent, have the ability to receive complaints Enforcement Internationally • Can’t enforce, but can embarrass or shame a country • International Criminal Court can though • Charter Based: Institutions which flow from the charter of the united nations, based on articles within the UN charter which allow them to set up institutions o General Assembly, Third Committee, Security Council, Secretary General o Specific: UN Human Rights Council, sub-committee for the protection and enforcement of human rights, special raptors • Treaty Based: set up under the individual human rights treaties o All conventions have articles within them stating under this commission there will be a committee set up o Attempt to enforce with respect to the states parties to the convention • Commission on Human Rights: drafted the UDHR, 1946-2006, replaced by UN Human Rights Council à attempt at reform o Needed reform: had 53 members who were appointed to the commission for 3 years; became dysfunctional (east//west
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