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Lecture 20

Lecture 20: Regional Bodies

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McGill University
International Development
INTD 200
Warren Allmand

Lecture 20: Regional Bodies 12/16/12 9:22 AM Article 52: nothing in the present charter precludes the existence of regional agreements dealing with such matters as peace and security • Must be consistent with the UN Article 103: In the event of a conflict between the members of the UN under the present charter and under any other regional organization, the UN charter takes precedent European Regional Organizations • Council of Europe (Human Rights) o 1949 o almost the whole continent is involved o before the ICCP and ICESC o adopted a legally binding treaty on human rights in 1953 o European convention on Human Rights o Have a parliamentary assembly o The most effective human rights body in the world (as per Allmand) o 5 major protocols § abolition of capital punishment o 47 members • European Union o First established as an economic body under the Paris Treaty o 27 members (all are also members of the Council of Europe) o 28 members in 2013 à Croatia o 23 official languages o 1989: Charter of Fundamental Rights for Workers à came in force 2009 o Eurozone: 1999, 17 members o Conditions for Admissions § Have stable democratic institutions § Respect for minorities § Working market economy § Capacity to cope with competition in the EU § Ability to adhere to the economic and political standards of the EU § Must abolish the death penalty o European Council: the basic body that makes the basic decisions o The European Commission: the executive branch, 27 members (one from each country) o European Court of Justice: deals with any treaty adopted by
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