INTD 200 9/7/2012 1:39:00 PM
Jennifer- east Africa
Ifeyanwa- experienced. Women and children, social work, child
trafficking in Africa specifically Nigeria. Gender development
Tyler- background human rights, refugee work in US
Conferences start first week of October.
-Textbook- use the glossary!
- also at back are summarys of every chapter.
Developing versus developed? Whats in a name?
First, second, third, and fourth world
o First: all nations included in North Atlantic Treaty
Newly industrialized countries (NCIs)
Developing countries/ developing economies
Alternatives- south, global south.
Trumans speech- ethical responsibility to help lower worlds technologically.
There is a criteria for development.
Defining and measuring development:
Development as economic growth.
GDP: gross domestic product
GNP: Gross national product
GNI ( Gross national income) per capita- term used by world bank,
essentially GDP. Used to classify countries.
PPP- purchasing power parity Development and Social welfare: Inequality
o Dividing population into economic strata
o gini coefficient
social capital and inequality
Poverty- absolute, moderate, relative
Addressing inequality and poverty?
- redistribution with growth (1970s)
- basic human needs approach
income/consumption- poverty line.
Beyond economic growth- human wellbeing
Dudley Seers (1979)
o Development as a realization of the potential of human
personality- 6 conditions (income to meet basic needs,
employment including non-payed employment, improvement
in the distribution of income and society, education and
literacy, political participation, national autonomy.)
Denis Goulet (1971)
o 3 core values of development (basic needs, self esteem
(diginity, self respenct, independence) , freedom- *Choice)
Amartya Sen (1999) expanded on Seers and Goulet
o Development as freedom
o capability approach
Measuring human well-being
- Human development index (HDI) constructed under UNDP 1990s. range
bw 0 and 1. Highly developed ex. Canada= 0.95. (high)
life expectancy at birth
education (adult literacy and school enrollment)
standard of living (GDP with PPP)
- Human Poverty index (HPI) (UNDP)
% of population not expected to survive beyond 40 adult literacy rate
deprivation index - % population with no access to health care,
water, and % of malnourished children.
- Gross nation happiness index (GNH) (Bhutan 1971). Psychological and
- social exclusion approach- tried to address deficiencys in HDI- are there
some groups that cant participate in certain aspects of social life but dont
have the ability to do so. (women, elderly, sick, poor, handicapped, religious
- Participatory poverty assessment
Millenium Development Goals- aid should go to meeting the following
goals (each has a target date)
1. eradicate poverty and extreme hunger
2. achieve universal primary education
3. promote gender equity and empowerment
4. reduce child mortality
5. improve maternal health
6. combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
7. ensure environmental sustainability
8. develop global partnerships for development.
Human Rights- lecture 2
o September 12
-inherent to every person as we are alive, no matter our gender, nationality,
race, political system. Because they are inherent, cannot be given or taken
away. They can be recognized and recognized legally.
- there are legal rights that are not human rights- example the right to
purchase a fire arm, the right to set up a business and have it registered.
- first promoted by philosophers, scientists. Started off as philosophical recognition, and were then slowly
recognized across states/countries.
Treaty of Westphalie 68
Bill of rights
American declaration of Independence 1776-
French declaration of the rights of citizens 79
- UN Charter- preamble paragraph 2 and 3.
In order to make peace and prevent war, needed the specs of
human rights and development.
3 Pillars of UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Prevention of
war, building of peace, economic and social development
- Universal declaration of Human rights- revolutionary because:
First time that the whole world recognized that every human being
in the world has certain human rights, universal to all
First time that international law gave a high priority to individual
rights over state rights.
First time there was a significant recognition of economic, social,
and cultural rights.
Third world would not agree to a declaration that did not include
o Articles 22-27- civil and political rights.
Final vote taken December 10 , 1948- Human Rights Day. 48 votes
in favor, none against, 8 absentions (6 from Soviet, 1 South Africa,
1 Saudi Arabia).
o Canada abstained as well, but because Canada believed it
was a provincial issue. Overturned and Canada voted for it.
o Some objected because there was no mention of god/religion.
o New Labour Govt- UK objected to freedom of association-
would interfere with closed union shop (closed shop you cant
get a job in that particular plant unless youre a member of
o SA- taking place during Apartheid- not all were born free and