Class Notes (836,587)
Canada (509,861)
INTD 200 (186)
Lecture

Opposition to Universal Human Rights

2 Pages
123 Views
Unlock Document

Department
International Development
Course
INTD 200
Professor
Karen Mc Allister
Semester
Fall

Description
Opposition to Universal Human Rights - In immediate period following WWII, great enthusiasm for devel HR instruments - Enthusiasm result of memories/experiences ppl had in WWII - As move into 80s/90s, individs, grps, NGOs started to cite + use HR instru against their abusive govs - Condemn nats who were not living up to standards of Internat Bill of Rights, other conventions - Began to see govs trying to sneak out fr/obligations even though previously ratified conventions - Doctrine of cultural relativism - Mainly fr/Asian nats + nats w/mili dictatorships - Expressed opposition in terms of Asian values  (Parts of)UDHR doesn’t apply b/c UDHR = contrary to Asian values  Indonesia, China, Burma, Malaysia, Singapore - HR = new form of W colonialism  Look @voting in UN on these various instruments  1948 vote on UDHR: only 1/3 of nats were western Eur  Ratif 2 Covenants: maj of nats fr/Afr, Asia, Lat Am - Vienna Conference: all HR = universal, indivisible, interdependent, interrelated  Internat community must treat HR gl/in fair + equal manner on same footing + emph  While regional particularities + various historical, cul, relig backgrounds must brought in mind, it’s the duty of states to promote + promote all HR + fundamental freedoms - Became evident that ppl (civil soc organisation) in these nats didn’t agree w/their govs  Wanted freedom of assoc, expression, right fair trial  Through use of internet (devel @time), internat communications, able find out that great number of citizen’s didn’t agree - Article 27 UDHR: all ppl right to cultural heritage/values  E/state has right to protect unique cultures etc.  H: if in strong violation of HR standards, HR should prevail - Economic globalisation - Can be described as attack fr/W - Econ glz = laissez-faire, free market econ sys for whole world/maj regions of world  Promo of such laissez-faire, free open markets w/little/no controls, no min standards for HR, labour, environ, health  Promoted by WTO, NAFTA, APEC, GATT  Attempt to have free trade for all N + S Am  opposed, never took place - Attack on HR b/c in most free trade agreements, little/no provisions for HR or min standards w/respect to health/environ - Major manufacturing companies in W began putting manufac in low standard nats  Nats that outlawed trade unions, low unemp insurance, soc standards  These companies could lower costs considerably H: most produc still sold back @high prices in more wealthy environ where they had their head offices  Use FTA to circumvent higher standards/taxes, soc programs in place in many W nats - Soon led to 2 phase: in W nats, biz can’t compete w/those manufac in poorer nats  Want same thing here  begin to campaign in own nats  Need to lower taxes, soc programs, unemp insurance  began to happen - Became race to the bottom  Instead of trying to increase standards (80
More Less

Related notes for INTD 200

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit