ISLA 210 Lecture Notes - Taha Hussein, Che Guevara, Westernization
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APRIL 4, 2012: Conference
In Mantle of the Prophet what is the significance of the friendship between Ali Hashemi and
It can tell us something about society and the lead up to the Revolution.
Ali Hashemi was religion and studied religion in childhood, and studied with Khomeini
for a bit. He also spent time studying in Qom, which is a very significant city in terms of
religious study. He was opposed to the secularization so he was for the change and the
Parviz was leftist, (communist), good with math and numbers. Hasemi was wordy, more
literature-related, both are from somewhat upper middle class families
Both Hashemi and Parviz were against the Shah (from different perspectives- Hashemi
was more religious- not that Parviz was secular, which is a common misconception
Hashemi was sent to jail because he wrote this article on Che Guevara (bringing leftist
ideals in line with religious ones, creating an interesting comparison)
Both were sent to jail- Parviz was in jail for writing something called “The Sermons of Ali
How does Mantle of the Prophet present the differences between secular and religious
education in Iran?
For Taha Hussein, he didn’t like the rituals and repetitions in religious teachings, and
there was no discussion and analysis. Whereas in Iran, it was the secular system that
was repetitive and no discussion while the religious system had more discussion.
How does Ali Hashemi perceive the Westernization of Iran under the Shah?
When he goes to Tehran, page 273 he talks about his thoughts on this
What is Vilayet al-Faqih and why is it important?
Until Khomeni, the Uluma were not involved in politics.
Khomeini invented vilayet al-Faqih, which is rule of the jurist
In the past, the jurists were like the bridge between the Imams and the public, but with
this the jurists could now rule on behalf of the Imams until they return.
Before this, the governments were not really seen as legitimate because they didn’t
have a right to rule.
Vilayet al-Faqih is somewhat of a paradox, it is creating a legitimate government
(legitimizing his own government)
It kind of suggested that this was the era that the 12th Imam would return, he portrayed
it paving the way for the Imam to return, causing him to return sooner, which gave even
more legitimacy to Khomeini’s government.
There are some Shi’ites opposed to this system, not all believe that this is the way their
society should be governed until the return of the 12th Imam. So it could be argued that
it reshapes Shi’ism somewhat, but you could also argue against this.
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