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Lecture 18

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Kinesiology&Physical Education
EDKP 330
David J Pearsall

1122 EDKP330 Social and Behavioral Science PA is important  PA is modifiable risk for cardiovascular disease  High CV fitness  Decrease blood pressure  Increase insulin sensitivity  Prevent diabetes II  Reduce bone loss  Decrease stress  Also decrease mortality and morbidity  Linear, dose-response relationship st Epidemic in 21 century  150-200 min MVPA/week to maintain health  Women are more likely to be inactive  ~5% meet requirement  Youth are most active (12-19)  1/3 adults achieve 10,000 steps/ day Barriers to PA  Contextual or structural  Lack of time  Lack of accessibility  Care giving responsibility (take care of kids, elderly)  Weather  Environment  Urban sprawl—decrease access to public transport, decrease neighbourhood walkabilityencourages sedentary activity  Parks and green space  Social and cognitive (less measurable)  Low self-efficacy (belief of oneself)  Lack of energy  Lack of knowledge  Fear of injury  Lack of motivation  Mediated by social gender role, weight status, underlying body image  Perceived overweight  Fear of exaggerated physical response to exercise  Increase in heart beat for high blood pressure patients  How can we promote PA  Increase facilities and opportunities  Community green space  Safe neighbourhood  Develop individualized strategies and skills for behavior change by addressing social environment/ barriers to adopt and maintain PA Theoretical models  Health belief model  Perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action, self efficacy  Expect that being PA will prevent that negative health outcome (perceived benefits)  Believe that they can initiate and maintain the PA (perceived barriers, self efficacy)  Theory of reasoned action/ planned behavior  Attitudes, subjective norms, behavioural control, bhavioural intention  Intentions increase the initiation of PA intentions to start depend on their beliefs about PA weighted by evaluations of these beliefs  Social cognitive theory  Reciprocal relationship between environment, personal factors and PA  Beliefs influence actions and vice versa  caused by various factors  Self-determination theory  Motivation to be PA occurs along a continuum from external regulation (i.e. rewards, others’ demands) to introjected regulation (moral reasons) to identified regulation (useful outcomes) to integrated regulation (important for personal growth) to intrinsic motivation (i.e. mastery, enjoyment)  Transtheoretical model  First invented to explain smoking cessation  Continuum of behavior and addresses how people may move along continuum to aid in the development of ideas about how to change PA behavior  idea: knowing where a person in along continuum of behavor makes it easier to understand ahow that person could increase PA behavior  5 stages of readiness (for behavioural change)  Precontemplation: not ready  Hasn’t even thought about becomi
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