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McGill University
Kinesiology&Physical Education
EDKP 498
Gordon Bloom

Introduction 10/11/2012 12:25:00 PM Sports psychology: scientific study of human behavior in sport and the practical application of that knowledge (Gill 2000)  Interdisciplinary scientific (relates to more then one branch of science) and applied field that developed from sport science  Application of knowledge is an important factor  What is sports psychology?  Learning how psychological factors affect a person’s performance and enjoyment from sport and exercise activities o Maximize performance by enhancing their enjoyment  “Feel better, play better” o performance is a main factor of sports psyc  Understanding how participation in sport and exercise affects a person’s psychological development, health, and well-being o Sometimes the process is more of a focus then outcome o Psychological health/well being is a main focus  Educational work o Teach people in sport how to think and act in the most effective way possible o “Coaching the mind”  to be strong mentally you have to train  strong connection to being strong physically  distinguishes what helps, what holds you back and how to fix it  skills that make you a successful athlete can help you succeed in other areas of life (personal, business) o key: recognize your skills and put them to work in your new situation  “Winning Ways” – Dr. Bloom o take responsibility  do NOT make excuses o be a learner  NOT a know-it-all o establish goals o consistant mental/physical preparation o understand nature of confidence and leadership To be a sports psychologist 10/11/2012 12:25:00 PM 2 general pathways  Sports science education o University/college setting o Requires strong teaching/research skills o Motor development, sports pedagogy, sports medicine  Dealing with athletes dealing with issues in performance of sport o Problems with communication (teammates/coaches) o Nerves before a big game  See if an athlete is already a good athlete and wants to get better Note: sports psychologists are NOT psychologists. They cannot help with depression, sleep problems, etc. They can help with nerves before a big game, training methods, etc.  Clinical and counseling (sport) psychology o Clinical- focuses on assessing and rehabilitating serious psychological dysfunctions o Councelling- helping people with adjustment or development problems o Training includes  Psychological theory  Assessment  Intervention  dealing with athletes with clinical life issues outside of sport (depression, eating disorders, suicide) Note: views of human behavior differ for someone with a psychology or a kinesiology background  Psych: something is broken, how do we fix it? o People w/ problem go to these specialists  Kin: athletes/coaches/elite performers- look at something that is already good and try to make it better o People wanting an athletic edge go to these specialists 10/11/2012 12:25:00 PM Teaching  College/university setting most common work placement for sports psychologists  Teach courses related to sociological, physiological and psychological aspects of sport and exercise o Mental training o Developmental sport  Involves- focus, leadership, stress, confidence Research  Advance the knowledge in the field of sports psychology  Describe/explain cognition, emotion, and behavior in PA settings  Basic/applied research  Competencies in sport psychology  More consulting opportunities o Basic standards for consultants o Code of ethics that govern the relationship b/w practitioner and client AASP: code of ethics for sport psychologists o A: Competence  Importance of providing only those services one is qualified to provide o B: Integrity  Accurately portray themselves and avoid the development of inappropriate relationships o C: Professional and scientific responsibility  Uphold acceptable professional standards o D: Respect for People’s rights and dignity  Respecting all athletes rights to privacy and confidentiality & avoid all discriminatory practices o E: Concern for other’s welfare  Consultants must be sensitivie to differences in power that may exist CPA Canadian code of ethics- for psychologists o Respect and dignity of persons  Reinforces the moral rights of all people o Responsible caring  Minimize harm, maximize benefits o Integrity in relationships  Accurate, honest, unbiased o Responsibility to society  Refers to furthering knowledge through research 10/11/2012 12:25:00 PM Dates back to the 20 th century started as “motor learning”  6 periods o Triplett era (1895-1920)  Norman Triplett  Cyclists rode faster in groups vs alone  Compared solitary and group trials  First to publish in this area of study  Beginning of psych. Research involving sport o Griffith era (1920-1940)  “father of American sports psychology”  first establish sports psyc. Lab  understanding social/psychological factors that influence performance  worked with notre dame, Chicago cubs o Preparation for the future (1940-1965)  Franklin Henry  Advocate for scholarly and scientific approach to PE studies  Established psychology of PA grad program at Berkeley  Trained ald
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