Class Notes (838,404)
Canada (510,881)
EDKP 498 (41)
Lecture 2

Lecture 2 (revised).docx

11 Pages
91 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Kinesiology&Physical Education
Course
EDKP 498
Professor
Gordon Bloom
Semester
Fall

Description
10/11/2012 1:31:00 PM Personality  Dynamic organization inside the person of psychophysical systems that create a person’s characteristic patterns of behavior o How an indv. adapts to certain situations o Stresses individual differences of each person o Most related to individual differences (what makes each person unique) Disposition  Broad, pervasive (spreading widely though a group of people), encompassing way of relating to particular types of people or situations. It is a stable construct that involves the way a person is likely to behave across situations and over time o Person’s inherent qualities of mind and character  Sweet-natured girl of placid disposition o Stable over time (consistent way of dealing with situations/behaving) States*  Momentary/brief feelings/thoughts that change depending on situation and time Trait*  Identifiable stable characteristic or quality that may represent a portion of one’s personality (mental toughness) o Represents ideas about a person’s disposition  May be core/central elements of personality o Something you are born with o Something that defines you *states and traits can be used to predict human behavior/performance Personality traits  People have certain traits that influence behavior  Trait theory: o Consistency and generalizability of behavior o 2 models  Cattell’s Trait Personality model  16 different personality trait dichotomies  1960-70  implied successful athletes shared similar traits (cannot be transferred over to sports psyc)  Digman’s five factor model think “OCEAN”  Openness to experience  Conscientiousness  Extroversion  Agreeableness  Neuroticism # 1 MODEL can NOT be applied to sports psyc How does it develop? 10/11/2012 1:31:00 PM How does it develop?  Psychodynamic approach Sigmund Freud o How subconscious affects your behavior  All behavior is interconnected and driven by unconscious forces/inner drives  Thought/feelings motivate behaviors  3 parts  ID: instinctual and driving force of personaitly (pleasure principle)  Wants  Ego: mediates an indv. relationship with environment (reality principle)  Defences  Super-ego: voice of conscience and morality. Mediates ego and ID  Morality o All behavior stems from conflict and compromise of Freuds three components; wants of ID, defenses of ego, morality of superego  Between immediate wants, reality of obtaining those wants, and the morality of obtaining them  not a long lasting approach on sports psyc. Only some info can be applied to the field. Has laid the foundation for psychology  Humanistic approach o Maslow’s hierarchy of Needs (1954)  Focuses on personal responsibility, human growth, personal striving, and individual dignity  Once basic needs are met, individuals strive to meet higher needs  Good approach for working with athletes Self actualization: doing something that has a huge benefit for society, doing something for something bigger then yourself o Terry fox running across the country for cancer awareness and fundraising  Cognitive approach o BF skinner- rat research  Behaviorism:  behaviour learned though experience  Behaviour followed by reward would increase in probability of reoccurrence; behaviour followed by punishment would decrease probability or reoccurrence  Focused on examining how situations and indv. reciprocally influence each other  Lost prominence once people realized goals & beliefs affect behavior  Social learning theory o Behavior is learned through experience as opposed to what you think or feel  Indv. can learn by being exposed to, or observing, the behaviours of others  i.e. watching behaviors of elite athletes  More likely to adopt behavior if it results in valued outcome o 3 influencing factors  situational expectancies  generalized expectancies  reinforcement value o People are motivated to seek out positive stimulation and avoid negative interactions or stimulations o Rotter (1950)- behavior and personality were changeable o Bandura- emphasized importance of observational learning  Research on aggression in children  directly transferrable to sports psyc  If a behavior is seen as resulting in an outcome that the observer values, observer is more likely to adopt that behavior  Interactionist approach- most preferred approach o Situational interaction b/w an indv. and environment determines an athlete’s behavior o Try to understand how various traits affect behavior depending on sport context o Neither an individuals personality nor the situation exclusively dictates behavior  Always a mix of the two  Measurements 10/11/2012 1:31:00 PM many loop holes in measuring personality, not a center focus for many researchers Projective tests  Subjective, open ended questions  Not typically used in sports psyc Objective tests  Highly standardized tests (IQ test)  Do not require the tester to interpret the meaning of the participants responses  Present subject with choices (T/F, scale)
More Less

Related notes for EDKP 498

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit