Ling 390 12

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LING 390
Andrea Nicole Santi Isabelle Deschamps

Oct 12 - 2 long answer, then multiple choice - focus on class (up until thursday, but more from before) - when does mmf appear after oddball component? - what did the study do? - why did they do it? - what did they manipulate? what did they measure? (independent and dependent variables) - what were the results? - what does that mean? - what brain areas are involved? what are the components? Syntax - different word order = different meaning - hierarchical structure (can't just look at the linear ordering of words) - substitution tests look at structural constituants - Syntactic trees, and their nodes - descriptive vs. processing: this is more of a representation of sentences, it's not a processing theory 1) What are the categories? - Lexical categories (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs) vs. Functional categories (determiner, preposition, auxiliary, conjunctions) - Lexical categories are productive. (they're open class: we continually generate new words) - Functional categories are not productive (they're closed class, there's about 300 of them in english) - they also differ in terms of meaning. it's much easier to express the meanings of words in lexical categories - within these two categories, there are more specific categories (N, V, Adj, Adv, Det, P, Aux, Con) - meanings of words combine with affix usage to m
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