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Class Notes for Linguistics at McGill University

LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Categorical Perception, Formant
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LING 210 - Lecture 12 February 19, 2018 Shifting Category Boundaries The Ganong Effect Another way to shift the category boundary between two sounds is to exploit our lexical knowledge. When encountering a an ambiguous sti...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Expressive Aphasia, Inflection, Motor Planning
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LING 210 - Lecture 16 March 19, 2018 Language and the Brain -Aphasia How is language processed in the brain? There is evidence that certain areas of the brain are specialized to process certain types of information (e.g., ...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Spinach, Lexicon, Cohort Model
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LING 210 -Lecture 15 March 12. 2018 Priming Often, lexical decision tasks involve priming Priming means that some other word or picture is presented along with the word that the participant has to make the lexical decision...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Categorical Perception, Formant, Phonological Development
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LING 210 - Lecture 11 February 14, 2018 Categorical Perception Contrasts between sounds, like the one between [b] and [p], involve acoustic difference that are in principle gradientone can create speech sounds that are exa...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Grammaticalization, Paralanguage, Downstep
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LING 210 - Lecture 20 April 4th, 2018 Speech and Emotion Paralinguistic Prosody Speech can reflect how familiar we are with our interlocutor, how anxious or relaxed we are, how confident we are, how happy or sad we are, an...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Speech Segmentation, Phonotactics, Coarticulation
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LING 210 - Lecture 13 February 26, 2018 Speech Segmentation The Segmentation Problem Words are not neatly separated in the speech stream by pauses. Rather, they are often pronounced without any pauses, and segments are eve...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Prosodic Unit
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LING 210 - Lecture 19 March 28, 2018 Speech Prosody What is Prosody? One definition: The acoustic aspects of an utterance that are not due to the choice of words. Three components of prosody Intonational tune Phrasing (How...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Lexicon, Speech Segmentation, Prior Probability
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LING 210 - Lecture 14 February 28, 2018 Recognizing Words Two lectures ago, we talked about cues for speech segmentation, which help to identify words. But how are words stored in our memory? And how exactly do we map the ...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Encase, English Orthography, Homophone
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LING 210 - Lecture 17 -18 March 21 26, 2018 Reading What does the task of reading involve? Main task involved in reading at the computational level (see Marrs levels from the first lecture):Activating word meanings from o...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Outer Ear, Sound Localization, Stirrup
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LING 210 - Lecture 9 February 7, 2018 Hearing and the Ear TheAnatomy of the Eear The Outer ear Consists of: The pinna: The odd, cone-shaped things that one can see outside of our heads. Helps focus sound waves and direct t...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Voice-Onset Time, Vocal Folds, Sonorant
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LING 210 - Lecture 6 January 24, 2018 Voice and Voice Onset Time Vocal Fold Vibration (Voicing) From our last lecture: One source of sound during speech is the obstruction created by the vocal folds when they are put close...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Sound Pressure, Vocal Folds, Acoustic Wave
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LING 210 - Lecture 5 January 22, 2018 Sources and Filters and the articulation of speech Phonation Vocal Fold Vibration One source of speech sounds is due to the obstruction created by the vocal folds when they are put clo...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Speech Science, Articulatory Phonetics, Formant
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LING 210 - Lecture 1 January 8, 2018 What does speech science try to explain? Humans have an innate ability to learn language, which other species lack (other species have their communication systems, but nothing as comple...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Shepard Tone, Formant, Speech Perception
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LING 210 - Lecture 10 February 12, 2018 Acoustics vs. Perception Acoustics vs. Perception Our percept of the sound that reaches our ear is not an accurate representation of the physical signal It is an interpretation of th...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
LING 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Vocal Folds, Vocal Tract, Formant
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LING 210 - Lecture 7 January 29, 2018 The Production of Sounds: Vowels Articulating Vowels: The Source (Review) Vowels are the result of air flowing through a relatively unobstructed vocal tract while the vocal folds are v...

Linguistics
LING 210
Jessica Coon
Understanding the Short Story - Reference Guides

Award Winning Professors Series 2Understanding The Short Story3Understanding The Short Story Understanding The Short StoryUnderstanding The Short Story TM permacharts THE EVOLUTION OF THE SHORT STORY (cont.)STEPS TO ANALYS...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
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Twelfth Night - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Twelfth Night StructureJust the Facts AIN PLOTARALLEL PLOTSILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MPW Act IIntroduction Main characters and actions are introduced The Duke, Olivia,The Romantic Plot involves Orsino, Olivia, and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Romeo & Juliet - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Romeo Juliet StructureBackgroundJust the Facts AIN PLOTIMEILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MTW Act I Introduction Warring feud between Capulets and Montagues Born 1564; died 1616 Play occurs over a period of 5 days in mi...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
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English Composition - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Composition English Composition 2nd EDITION THE SENTENCE Sentencesform the basis for written language and composition A sentence is a group of words that forms a complete thought It is easier to expr...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
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English Grammar - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Grammar English Grammar 2nd EDITION PARTS OF SPEECHSENTENCE TYPES A sentenceis a group of words that can stand DJECTIVESONJUNCTIONS AC on its own as a completed thought; it begins Describe nouns and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Verbs - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Verbs English Verbs 2nd EDITION PRESENT TENSEPHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verbis a two part verb IMPLE PRESENT S consisting of a verb and a particle Expresses daily habits or usual Expresses general factu...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English as a Second Language - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English as a Second Language English as a Second Language 2nd EDITION BASIC SENTENCE REQUIREMENTSSUBJECTVERB AGREEMENT All sentences must begin with a capital letter A verb must agree with its subject in per...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors

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