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MUAR 211 Lecture Notes - Recitative, Formal Scheme, Figured Bass

Music-Arts Faculty
Course Code
MUAR 211
Jerry M.Cain

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MUAR 211 The Art of Listening Winter 2013
February 14th, 2013
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
o born in Salzburg, Austria to esteemed composer-violinist
o father organized concert tours for him & sister to perform at keyboard
before European royalty
o composed in variety of genres at early age
o dismissed from court of Archbishop for being insubordinate (disobedient)
o knew & admired Haydn
o legendary for ability to quickly compose high quality & high complexity
o today known for symphonies & string quartets, in his day known for piano &
o likely he would have conducted his works from the keyboard would have
led continuo group & singers
sonata form
o also called first-movement form & sonata-allegro form since extremely
common in first movements of instrumental genres
o also appear in one-movement instrumental genres
o thought of in its day as
a structural principle capable of creating pleasing balance &
a dramatic form in which conflict is resolved at the end
o historically it was a rounded binary form
terminology of sonata form
o exposition (part 1)
primary theme area tonic key
bridge modulation (away from tonic to another key)
secondary theme area secondary key (not tonic key)
closing section secondary key
o development (part 2)
modulatory (no stable key)
o recapitulation (part 2 continued) rounding of the binary form
primary theme area tonic key
bridge modulation
secondary theme area tonic key
closing section (coda) tonic key
sequence: short musical motive repeated over & over at different pitch levels
o often featured in sections of music that are modulatory
coda: the very last section of a music movement, occurring after overall formal
scheme of movement is complete
o sounds like the tonic chord over and over
o not present in all movements
o often brief
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