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Lecture 11

MUAR 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Absolute Music, Atonality, Recitative


Department
Music - Arts
Course Code
MUAR 211
Professor
Eric Smialek
Lecture
11

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MUAR 211 Week 11 March 26-30, 2018
Music of the 20th and 21st Centuries Continued 26/03/18
Primitivism
Paintings more 2D
The Rite of Spring by Stravinsky is an example of this
Stravinsky
Went through multiple time periods
There was a riot in 1913 in Paris when The Rite of Spring was first performed
Forced to immigrate because of the political situation and ended up in the USA
This was easier on him than other since he was already famous and spoke many
languages
He started changing styles from primitivism to neoclassic after he was famous
Neoclassicism: a phenomenon after 1920, whwen a composer intentionally borrows some
elements of a previous musical style period and use it in their current music
Preferred absolute music and started thinking that music was just a form of art and
not to tell a story
Ex: Octet for Wind Instruments (1923)
No descriptive title, titled like an 18th century piece
Type of ensemble: classical types of instruments
Style = neoclassicism
Expressionism
Paintings have pure colours like black, blue and red, as opposed to light pastel colours
Short lived phenomenon
A lot of it considered “ugly”, but they weren’t trying to make things ugly, but rather show
another perspective of life.
A lot of it is related to the world wars
Nobody is ever happy in these paintings
Ex: “The Scream” painting
Isolation, madness, deranged psychological state artist purposely trying to put you on
edge
This is happening at the same time as primitivism and they’re related
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
Pieces for Orchestra
Atonal
Atonality: Invented a new system for harmony
Has no tonic
Can use any combination of pitches in any order at any time
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