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Lecture 22

MUAR 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Cabaletta, Figured Bass, LegatoPremium


Department
Music - Arts
Course Code
MUAR 211
Professor
Nina Penner
Lecture
22

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MUAR 211 – Lecture 22 - Neoclassicism
Neoclassicism
Artistic movement based in France in the 1920s–30s
Key players: Stravinsky, members of Les Six
Reaction to WWI
oDeath count was around 10 million people which was never experienced before
oTechnology made the threat of world annihilation more real for people
oPeople didn’t want to FEEL after WWI
Anti-German (particularly anti-Wagner)
oFrench cultivated a style that was Anti-expressive
oNot interested in composing “Music of the Future”
oStravinsky was considered the most anti Wagnarian of musicians
Looked to the past for inspiration
oNot a revival of Classical style!
Neoclassicism - Aesthetic Principles
Objectivity
oNon-emotional, inexpressive music
Rejection of Romantic style, particularly rubato
Preference for “cold”-sounding winds, brass, and percussion over
“sentimental” strings
oIrony instead of sincerity
oInterest in the idea of performance without human mediation (e.g., player-pianos)
oEven if they thought music should be inexpressive, most of the music composed
was quiet expressive.
Formalism
oSystem of sounds
oPrimary interest in music is form
oReturn to more purely instrumental composition
Pastiche
oMixture of various musical styles from the past (not just the Classical era) and
present (including popular music like ragtime and jazz)
oBach was famous in France at the time
oA lot of Baroque styles
Restraint
oEconomy of means, in reaction to the perceived excesses of the Romantic era
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