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Lecture 14

MUAR 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Baroque Dance, Opus Number, Kapellmeister


Department
Music-Arts Faculty
Course Code
MUAR 211
Professor
Jerry M.Cain
Lecture
14

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Monday February 7, 2011
Lecture Fourteen
Music in the Austria-Hungary area for the most part, from 1750 to 1800, in Vienna
(the capital of the Austria-Hungary empire).
Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven all lived and worked in Vienna at one point
Must know these musicians in order (not their death order).
Haydn
Mozart called him Papa Haydn. Did not come from a musical family.
Vienna is one of the most important musical cities on the earth.
Once kicked out of the choir, he becomes a freelance musician with no patron. The
patron was very important- everyone we have talked about so far had a patron. His
really big break was when he was hired by the Esterhazy.
He was first the “kapellmeister” (choir leader) and was in charge of all
music
The Esterhazy palace was huge, they had academies (two concerts every
week), they had court musicians, music at dinner and in the evenings. It
was a very busy musical environment.
The advantages of positions like this:
Financial security
o He was a servant, wore a uniform, was not free to come and go as
he pleased
Access to the orchestra
o Opportunity to compose and get his music performed
Access to many great musicians and musical connoisseurs
o One of the attractions for visits was Haydn
o A lot of his music was made of jokes- but you only get the joke if
you know what to expect next, so his music really was for the royal
family and their friends
Haydn was known for his string quartets.
Instrumental Genres of the Classic Period
The string quartet is for 4 particular string instruments: two violins (with two
different parts), a viola and a cello.
Double bass is not used because they are too loud for only 4 players
This is an important genre for amateur musicians. Some of them are not very
difficult.
Most have a prominent melody part for one violin, and the other parts
accompany
The Joke:
Opus number is just a catalogue number
Ensemble: cello, viola, violin 2 and violin 1
Classical music (in general) is very homophonic. One melody with accompaniment.
This music is very sectional- clearly divided into sections that are very balanced. This
is a nice break from the Baroque era.
Polyphonic music tends to spin out over long periods of time, winding
melodies that finally came to a cadence (very asymmetrical)
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