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MUAR 211 Lecture Notes - Tempo Rubato, Polonaise, Strophic Form

Music-Arts Faculty
Course Code
MUAR 211
Jerry M.Cain

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Wednesday March 2,
Lecture Twenty One
Piece, Death and the Maiden.
Schubert only wrote for 7 years
He wrote a string quartet
o The 2nd (slow) movement
o Scherzos are too fast to dance too, and have a weird rhythmic part
in it, and is not dance-like
Many people say that this was written when he was very sick
o Even the upbeat movements are bizarre dances, that are even
about death
Autographed manuscript: it is in his or her actual hand.
Schubert, String Quartet No. 14 in D Minor
Must distinguish from the Haydn quartet (in major), while this is in minor
This piece is in ternary form
Note: the only parts of this music which is in a major key is the B section
of this movement
Must know that it is a scherzo
You can actually hear a minuet form. If it is an orchestral piece, than often the trio
part (the B section) will contrast- the ensemble will be different (reduced
orchestration). It will be different in general. In this case the B sections are fast and
rhythmic, syncopated, and minor (in the tonic key of the work). But the middle
section is major, very lyrical, with a homorhythmic melody.
On the exam, Beethoven‟s 5th Symphony will be given (he will tell us the first
movement, in sonata form), and we must know what part of the sonata form it is
(exposition, development, recapitulation).
Exposition: primary and secondary theme, then the primary theme again,
and secondary theme, and then you‟re into the development. So you get
primary and secondary twice.
In the recapitulation, the secondary theme comes back in tonic key
(except in this piece it is in major), and then the theme drops out and you
get a little oboe solo
Clara Schumann
Once again, she did not make very much money from her compositions
From a middle class family
She was important because she introduced “great music” to her audiences
o During the 19th century there was a revival of Bach‟s music
o Championed her husband‟s music, and also played dead composers
(this was not common in the 19th century, to play dead composers‟
This was the start of the musical canon as we know it
Piece by Robert Schumann: Frauenliebe und Leben
Multiple pieces, in German
All poems from a particular French poet translated into German
They are a collection of songs with a persona behind them; they tell a
This is a song cycle
o not just a collection of songs, but they are related to each other-
seem to be sung by a common persona (not necessarily the same
person, but the same persona)
Strophic piece
8 movement work
Last movement: it is not a very lyrical piece, but this piece makes
reference to another type of vocal music: piano holds a chord and she
speaks over it, so it is a recitative.
o She is so upset she can no longer sing
The music carries the text, even when the text is not there
Postlude: significant piano music after the end of the song.
Character pieces- songs without words.
Chopin is associated most accurately with salons.
He was a celebrity that gave lessons to children of wealthy people
He charged a lot of money for this!
He was a specialist- he was a piano and wrote piano music. This is unlike
everyone we have discussed so far.
He was celebrated in France for his „Polishness‟ (exoticism)
His „Polonaise‟ was called this to highlight its ties with his country (nationalism).
Nationalism: when a composer composes a piece intended to have
characteristics of their own country
So nationalism and exoticism can take place at the same time (depending
on the audience)
Yet another ternary form: supplemental, in notes.
Must know what rubato means, however.