Class Notes (839,394)
Canada (511,324)
MUAR 211 (179)
Jerry M.Cain (110)

April 4th

2 Pages

Music-Arts Faculty
Course Code
MUAR 211
Jerry M.Cain

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
April 4 , 2013  electroacoustic music originated in Western art music before WWII  initial developments associated with activities of composers based at research studies in Europe & America  ie/ Groupe de Recherches Musicales at ORTF in Paris (home of musique concrete); Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk (NWDR) studio in Cologne (focus on elektronsiche Musik); Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center in New York (tape music, electronic music, computer music)  electronic music is German  earliest significant developments of musique concrete took place in 1948 at French National Radio  Pierre Schaeffer (1910-1995) began producing short tape studies based on transformation of ‘natural’ sounds (trains, pianos) o saw any natural sound as potential ‘sound object’ & suitable for musical material o called this electroacoustic material musique concrete  composers of musique concrete typically manipulate “sound objects” to create new timbres  standard transformational processes with limited equipment of 1950s: o editing out portions of sound by physically cutting tape & use of filters o varying the playback speed o playing the sound backwards (tape reversal) o combining different sounds (overdubbing)  musique concrete is different than electronic music  electronic music is constructed from sounds that are produced artificially, purely by electronic means  first studio for electronic music founded 1952 by German composer Herber Eimert (1897-1972) at West German Radio in Cologne  stuff found in musique concrete studios (variable-speed tape recorders, filters, echo chambers, amplifiers) + electronic sound-producing devices (oscillators, noise (sine wave) generators o could construct own sound material rather than relying on natural sounds with st predetermined timbral characteristics (impossible to completely remove)  1 example of pure electronic music = Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Studie I (1953) & Studie II (1954) o explored one of the basic technique of early electronic sound construction, additive synthesis
More Less
Unlock Document

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.