Class Notes (839,394)
Canada (511,324)
MUAR 211 (179)
Jerry M.Cain (110)
Lecture

April 4th

2 Pages
54 Views

Department
Music-Arts Faculty
Course Code
MUAR 211
Professor
Jerry M.Cain

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April 4 , 2013  electroacoustic music originated in Western art music before WWII  initial developments associated with activities of composers based at research studies in Europe & America  ie/ Groupe de Recherches Musicales at ORTF in Paris (home of musique concrete); Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk (NWDR) studio in Cologne (focus on elektronsiche Musik); Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center in New York (tape music, electronic music, computer music)  electronic music is German  earliest significant developments of musique concrete took place in 1948 at French National Radio  Pierre Schaeffer (1910-1995) began producing short tape studies based on transformation of ‘natural’ sounds (trains, pianos) o saw any natural sound as potential ‘sound object’ & suitable for musical material o called this electroacoustic material musique concrete  composers of musique concrete typically manipulate “sound objects” to create new timbres  standard transformational processes with limited equipment of 1950s: o editing out portions of sound by physically cutting tape & use of filters o varying the playback speed o playing the sound backwards (tape reversal) o combining different sounds (overdubbing)  musique concrete is different than electronic music  electronic music is constructed from sounds that are produced artificially, purely by electronic means  first studio for electronic music founded 1952 by German composer Herber Eimert (1897-1972) at West German Radio in Cologne  stuff found in musique concrete studios (variable-speed tape recorders, filters, echo chambers, amplifiers) + electronic sound-producing devices (oscillators, noise (sine wave) generators o could construct own sound material rather than relying on natural sounds with st predetermined timbral characteristics (impossible to completely remove)  1 example of pure electronic music = Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Studie I (1953) & Studie II (1954) o explored one of the basic technique of early electronic sound construction, additive synthesis
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