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MUAR 211 (179)
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Lecture 9

Jan 24 2011- Lecture 9.docx

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Music-Arts Faculty
MUAR 211
Jerry M.Cain

Monday January 24, 2011 Lecture Nine Piece from Handel’s Messaih  Ensemble: Organ and female voice o or voice and accompaniment- basso continuo + voice o In this case, the basso continuo is played on the organ o Since it’s a Baroque era piece, you can always call it Basso continuo  Text: From the old testament, one of the prophecies of the coming of Jesus  Does not have a beat  Texture: homophonic, monody (pure monody, single voice + single instrument. Monody assumed homophony- it’s just a type of it)  Genre: Voice + Accompaniment = a SONG, a recitative that then becomes an aria  Secular work with a sacred text Small orchestra (Baroque orchestras tend to be small, ~15 people)- chamber ensemble.  The core of the orchestra are the bowed string instruments A multi-movement work is a piece that has many chapters within  This is like a concerto (fast movement, slow movement, fast movement) there’s 3 movements  An oratorio can have any number of movements Lynn Dawson singing “Rejoice Greatly” (in supplemental music)  Piece is very melismatic- typical of Baroque music  Recitatives present the text in a clearly understood way (are all about the text), long melismas are part of arias (which are all about the singing)  Monody: only this time there’s a whole orchestra accompanying Dido and Aeneas, ACT II, Dido’s Lament  Need to know the story line  At the time, opera (serious opera) was generally about Greek or Roman myths  This is also called a lament aria The beginning of it is a recitative.  Basso continuo- holding of long notes  No beat Afterwards, strings come in with a very slow beat, because it’s a lament.  This is the aria, the base line repeats over and over  Beat is in three  Repetition of text is what you get in arias Make sure to hear the difference between recitatives and arias, as well as a lament.  Laments are expressed stylistically most often with a beat divided in three, and were often presented over basso ostinatos/ground base (meaning there’
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