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PHIL 367 - Lecture (Feb. 29th)

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PHIL 367
Susan Judith Hoffmann

thFeb 29What was coveredReflective fixed vs Speculative moving philosophy Hegel champions the latter while Kierkegaard questions the possibility of the latterHegel claims to begin with immediacy sensecertainty That we can watch consciousness Again Kierkegaard disputes this The development of consciousness towards the absolute manifestation of Reason and the specific developmental stages on this progression Masterslave dialectThe first moment of freedom whereby we recognize we are fundamentally free and that others are threats to our freedom and therefore we attempt to enslave them The consciousness that ends up being enslaved by the master is more free because the slave objectifies itself in its own labour it therefore has a greater identity of self and being and achieves a higher state on the developmental path of consciousnessAt this moment when the slave sees herself as more free as she sees herself in otherness leads to a moment of dread where she realizes life and death are arbitrary and that ones freedom can be wiped away in an instant She also realizes that because she is free she is responsible for creating herself and that the master is irrelevantThis leads to stoicism and scepticism when consciousness realizes that everything is arbitrary The sceptic deals with this by attempting to suspend knowledgeinability to claim objective knowledgeyet the sceptic then ends up living in a very arbitrary way This is not true freedom nor true rationalityThen the individual realizes that its consciousness has a dual nature that there is something in it which is rational unchanging constant but also something that is selfbewildering selfperverting confusing At this point consciousness realizes that the split is within itself and no longer attempts to only identity with the rational side This moment is the unhappy consciousnessThe unhappy consciousness realizes that it was cut off from what was unchanging in itself and the consciousness realizes that it was cut off from the divine Hegel explains that religion was to bridge this split within oneself to merge these two aspects of consciousness that Jesus was the mediator posited to merge these two aspects For Hegel community society and state are higher realizations of consciousness
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