Moore – Common Sense
Moore turns British Idealism on its head.
The job of philosophy is NOT to refute basic propositions which we all take to know
– we have no choice but to accept that we know these propositions.
The job of philosophy is to explain how we know them.
Traditional philosophy (ex. Kant) began with first principles, supposed self-
revelatory or self-evident truths, and from there, to arrive through logical
deduction at a body of knowledge. Often times, these resulted in the absurd
conclusions that Moore criticizes.
Moore's method inverts this method. He begins with a body of knowledge –
knowledge that is accepted in common sense – and through analysis, arrive at a
temporary foundation (upon which others will continue to build in the future).