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Class Notes for Philosophy at McGill University

PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Human Cloning, Fatalism, Harm Principle
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PHIL 200 Lecture 28 Paradoxes of Time Travel What is Stopping the Time Traveller? By the usual standards of ability, Tim can kill his grandfather He has the opportunity, the equipment, the skill, etc. However, the past can...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: W. Somerset Maugham, Inertial Frame Of Reference, Lightning
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PHIL 200 Lecture 27 Time and Time Travel What do Clocks Measure? Not as simple as saying that clocks measure time We want some nonvacuous way to say: what do clocks measure? However, it is difficult to start with time We w...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Value Theory, Scientific Method, Complex System
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PHIL 200 Lecture 26 Time Time for Some Metaphysics Sometimes philosophy is divided into four main branches: Value theory: ethics, politics, and aesthetics Right and wrong, justice and injustice, philosophy of art The theor...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Turing Test, Molecular Machine, Artificial Neural Network
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PHIL 200 Lecture 25 Artificial Intelligence cont. Is Artificial Intelligence Possible? Artificial intelligence in the weak sense is a system intelligent enough to perform certain complex tasks: we have computers who can ou...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Chinese Room, John Searle, Turing Test
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PHIL 200 Lecture 24 Searle on Mind and Artificial Intelligence Computing Machinery and Intelligence By Alan Turing Mid 20th century mathematician and philosopher His aim: Decide whether a machine can think Provide a standa...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Extermination Camp, Existentialism, Credo Quia Absurdum
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PHIL 200 Lecture 23 Existentialism Part 3 Franz Kafka Nietzsche: Claims we are adrift following the collapse of traditional sources of significance and values Camus: Talks about the absurdity of our existence Kafka: One of...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Existentialism, God Speaks, Monotheism
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PHIL 200 Lecture 22 Existentialism cont. The Story of Abraham Why Abraham? Why did Kierkegaard devote an entire book to talk mainly about Abraham? Abraham was the first monotheist according to the usually tradition Therefo...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Existentialism, Tempora, Regine Olsen
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PHIL 200 Lecture 21 Existentialism What is Existentialism? The term was coined in the mid20th century and then became a cultural phenomenon Started in France being applied to a group of writers, both literary and philosoph...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL200 Lecture 19: “It’s Only a Theory” and Genetic Engineering
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PHIL 200 Lecture 19 Its Only a Theory and Genetic Engineering Its Only a Theory Just a Theory Consider two statements that one hears deplorably often: Its only a theory But dont you believe in science, just like others bel...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL200 Lecture 20: The Case Against Perfection
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PHIL 200 Lecture 20 The Case Against Perfection The Ethical Status of Enhancement What do people typically think about enhancements? Perhaps the next step should be to examine the ethics of enhancement Some forms of enhanc...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Probabilistic Forecasting, Intelligent Design, Proletariat
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PHIL 200 Lecture 18 Science and Pseudoscience Sir Karl Karl Popper was among the leading philosophers of science of the 20th century Tremendously influential outside philosophy, though a polarising figure within it His mos...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL200 Lecture 17: The Problem of Evil
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PHIL 200 Lecture 17 The Problem of Evil Enter: The Problem of Evil There are no proofs for Gods existence that stand up to scrutiny However, there is an argument for why people should not believe in God The problem of evil...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Oskar Morgenstern, Exclusive Or, Polymath
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PHIL 200 Lecture 16 Wittgenstein Hinge Propositions From Wittgensteins point of view, both Moore and Descartes are misusing language Wittgenstein says that the question of knowledge doesnt come up for these kinds of things...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Language Game, Physical Body, Firm Foundation
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PHIL 200 Lecture 15 On Certainty Wittgenstein vs. Moore Wittgenstein takes a more nuanced stance He rejects foundationalism but not in the radical way that Nietzsche does Wittgenstein was arguing with G.E. Moore who comes ...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
PHIL200 Lecture 14: Nietzsche and Wittgenstein
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PHIL 200 Lecture 14 Nietzsche and Wittgenstein Why Should the Universe be Intelligible? Nietzsche starts his text by ridiculing our pretensions We think the world should be intelligible to human beings? We think our limite...

Philosophy
PHIL 200
Oran Magal
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Dualism (Philosophy Of Mind), Ethical Egoism, Noumenon

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM PPhilosophy METAPHYSICS I: UNIVERSALS ...

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