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Political Science
POLI 211
Fillippo Sabetti

Poli 211 Lecture Notes th November 5 2012 Russia: Hence, what does this case tell us about the supply and demand for law in Russia? 1.) Demand for law in Russia does exist and is not missing 2.) Law courts are not uniformly the instruments of rich people or oligarchs 3.) Some aspects of soviet legal tradition are not as bad as people thought 4.) Great threat to law comes from the state, with its tendency to be above the law 5.) The need to focus not just on the making of laws but also on their application  Acceptance and practice of rule of law, rather than rule by law China Why do we study China?  A.) Underwent a revolution: A communist regime: Also helps us understand the potential for a peaceful transformation in a self governing society  B.) How does it differ from Russia? o Similarity and differences  C.) Transformation of the systems: The history of political development that goes back several millennia: puzzles  Importance of Elite: why elite turned to communism  Communism gave people meaning to their lives beyond what traditions offered them  Chinese could no longer meet the demands of the people by the 1920’s o Can communism succeed in bringing democracy to China when it did not succeed in the Soviet Union?  The soviet union collapsed with tis political institutions  But in china, the communist is the principle agent of change  The Chinese have learned from the soviets and did not give up authority th  How to account for the stagnation and the collapse of the state by the end of the 19 century o 1.) China is one of the most populace countries in the world, and four times as big as the U.S. o 2.) Rapid economic growth o 3.) Positions of China is dramatically changing in the world, to a far advanced country in manufacturing and development o Geography  Rivers  Large population  History of a unified country despite diverse languages  Faced with the paradox of how to explain Chinese early development and later weakness o How these two are related:  1.) Early centralization (200 years A.D.) was marked by great cultural development, rise of domestic and conquest  Chinese was ahead of Europe in astronomy, mathematics, and time keeping  The philosophy  Confucius influenced empiric leaders  Mixed blessings: it is still the importance of meritocracy but also the importance of a hierarchal role and obedience to authority  Confucius helped to develop the Chinese civil service and the emphasis on exams and educated leaders  The idea of a professional civil service based on competitive exams was
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