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Lecture 4

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 211
Fillippo Sabetti

Lecture 4 Sept.17.12 Liberal democracies - From communal self government to statism: continuity and ruptures in the growth of representative government - Representative institutions are now the trademark of governments in almost all countries - Present systems of government in England, France, Germany, and japan are characteristics of forms of liberal democracy - Similar and dissimilar at the same time: why? - Representative government is the result of: - long time horizon outcome - long time horizon of causes - both involve continuity and ruptures - Britain is a good illustration of continuity, the other countries of ruptures of different kinds - How continuity and ruptures took place and what is representative government Early developers - Who were the first early developers? - Why Britain and France emerged as political models for other countries to follow? - Why do other countries draw towards British traditions (i.e. common laws) - Where did Britain and France get their basic institutions and practice of government - What have been the end results of the growth of national monarchies and larger political entities in the world - Two basic models of political systems in the world: - each model has different properties and logic of rule 1. Descending vs. ascending (authority from top down) 2. Monocentric vs. polycentric Unitary: France, Britain, Japan Federal: Germany and USA Transitions: encapsulation of the local, with what results - City republics were the first early developers - The French and the british built on the cities - The americans a
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