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POLI 212 - MARCH 23.docx

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Political Science
POLI 212
Hudson Meadwell

MARCH 23, 2012: Conference  Esping-Anderson readings: he creates a dynamic typology that separates three general categories to attempt to explain how they came about, and not all countries necessarily fit into these categories (ex. Welfare regimes, continental cases involve pieces of other types); whereas Siaroff wants his typology to be jointly exclusive and mutually exhaustive.  He is interested in questions of social citizenship and social welfare  Esping-Anderson is looking at the development of welfare regimes throughout key periods in history. This includes the initial formation of welfare regimes (in the first piece) and how society responds to economic changes, which corresponds with the earlier period of industrialization and capitalism.  Esping-Anderson explains three types of welfare regimes: 1. The Liberal Model: the key characteristics are that it is means-tested (which means that your eligibility for social/welfare benefits is tied to some qualification related to your level of income or assets, you must be fairly poor to be eligible for benefits), low decommodification, not generous, abject need 2. Corporatist/Continental Model: key characteristics include a male breadwinner model (family based, specific gender roles because it is based on catholic history), pensions are based on a long period of contributing to the pension system over time, benefits distributed on a cash basis- rather than providing things like free daycare, there would be a cash benefit that would enable the mother to stay at home. The system could be generous but also is fragmented. Some groups have a high level of benefit generosity; with other it is fairly low (fairly fragmented). 3. Social Democratic Model: characteristics are universal access, need-based, egalitarian, they may provide services instead of cash (ie. Providing daycare to allow women to be in the workforce- not based on traditional gender roles).  Commodification vs. decommodification: commodification is making something into a commodity- it’s value is dependent on market exchange, supply and demand, and it can be bought and sold and does not depend on a social relationship.  Pre-commodified period– you have either individual land holders that produce for themselves, then you see early capitalism and labour becomes commodified.  There are liberals who believe that commodification is freeing the individual from the bounds of these different social relationships. They do not feel that commodification is a bad thing, and the market is a good thing.  Conservatives in this early period were attached to elements of the pre- commodification view of society. Conservatives were in favour of remnants of corporatist and semi-feudal organization, the conne
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