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POLI 212- JANUARY 16.docx

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 212
Hudson Meadwell

JANUARY 16, 2012:  Devastation in war is going to require economic reconstruction, and a large part of the post war period can be understood economically as an attempt to reconstruct domestic economies.  Political reconstruction took the shape of democratic consolidation.  The fate of Europe was closely tied to Germany and how to deal with the German problem, and the question is how to avoid a recurrence of wars connected to the German military industrial complex.  Germany had been historically the economic engine of Europe, so to reconstruct Germany economically on an industrial base, in order to facilitate European growth, it was necessary to ensure that the German industrial complex not be put to military ends.  Some policy makers suggested Germany be industrialized entirely, and proposed plans such as the Morgenthau Plan (by Americans) which keeps them from being a military threat if Germany was de-industrialized, but this would cause much slower European economic growth.  The European coal and steel community is the first concrete expression of economic integration in post-war European, and the sea-bed of the European community and eventually the European Union.  The Vision of a United Europe: In 1945, interests in economic integration (which would lead to political integration) emerged from the lesson to learn from looking back on Germany and the German problem- the interest is in a permanent settlement of Franco-German relations, where Germany is the culprit and France has been in 3 wars with them and has a special interest in Germany. They want to tie the coal and steel community to the rest of Europe. The lesson that emerged from trade wars in the 1930s that increased tension between states and made it more likely for military conflict, was that trade policy (protectionist policies, tariffs) needed to be changed to reflect economic inter-dependence which would make it more difficult to engage in protectionist policies. The European past also taught the lesson that the sovereignty of states should not be absolute, and the distinction between “domestic hierarchy” and “interstate anarchy” must be overcome. This is an argument that interstate anarchy creates dilemmas in relations between states that makes the use of force more likely as a policy option. Interstate conflict is inevitable in a world when state sovereignty is not limited. (Europe needs to be organized much more differently).  European policy makers realized they needed to do this peacefully and step-by-step. The strategy is indirection. They start to encourage co-operation and integration in certain sorts of
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