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5 - Postwar Settlements and Beyond

7 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 212
Hudson Meadwell

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5: Postwar Settlements and Beyond Recap - KK: 2 types postwar settlements: labour included + labour excluded (analytic types) - Northern pattern (labour inclu, UK + Ger) + southern pattern (labour exclu Fr + It) - Labour inclu: high rate unionisation, single trade union confederation which can discip workers, single soc democ/labour party in party sys which has enough poli power to form gov on its own Ger: industrial union, highly organised + regulated union structure, 16 trade union organised in single peak assoc, unions cover indus as whole, collective bargaining sys highly regulated @state level, Federal Labour Court (regulate disputes + conflicts b/w biz + labour + w/in trade union organisation) UK: tradition of craft unionism (skill specific), single peak assoc in labour (Trade Union Congress) that does not have organisational capacity to discip rank + file workers, collective bargaining not directly regulated by state Both trade unions in ea/part 20 cent, had radical commitment built into trade union constit both supp nationalisation of indus Ger soc democ party gave up commitment in 1958 Signal:SPDbeggthinkwhatitneededtodoinordertoformgovinitsowninGerpoli Most ea/yrs postwar settlement WGer: poli dom by party of centre-right (Christian Democ Union) SPD feared going forward (late 1950s on) if didnt intro changes to party program, could expect poli life of more or less permanent opposite Hegemony Christian Democ = Chancellor Democ b/c key fig Konrad Adenauer Brit Labour Party give up commitment in 1995 Labour Party remakes itself 1970s, 80s, ea/90s Marks transit old labour (Harold Wilson) new labour (Tony Blair) - Labour exclu: lower rates unionisation, less powerful in econ trade union organisation, dont have single peak assoc in labour (have several competing assoc divided along ideological + relig lines Cath, Soc/Soc democ, Communist) Role + imp of Christian Democ as both party + trade union organisation Italy: 1945 -80s, Christian party = hegemonic party in Italian poli May not gov always on its own, but always dominates in coalition France: postwar prd begins w/existence of Christian democ party th Party = s/imp in poli of 4 Repub (1956-58), but not dominant Transition to 5 Repub marks begg of decline of Christian democ party Fr poli Squeezed out b/c polarisation in Fr soc + party sys b/w L + R Explanation for polarisation: consequence of changes connected to constit of th 5 Repub strengthens office of presidency + intro new electoral sys Fr/58 on, separate elections for Fr president no longer election fr/w/in Fr Assembly + new sys of election on simple principle of plurality - Diff patterns (labour inclu/exclu) lead to several predictions about dynamics of postwar settlements + domestic policies in Eur (1945 ~ 75) In labour exclu cases: Poli of class will be imp longer De-radicalisation of L will occur later Extra-parli opposit (to econ + poli order which falls outside normal poli instits such as legis) will be organised around materialist issues not around post-materialist issues,not around issues such as quality of life/ecological consequences of indus growth, but basic issues of econ distrib Communist parties + trade unions will be influential much longer st How postwar settlements change depends on how they were put together in 1 place When realignment occurs, will occur in distinc ways according to logic + dynamic of case in Q there are distinc probs built into/intrinsic to ea/postwar settlement Consequence: when postwar settlements change, change distinc ways Ger prob = paradox of too much consensus in Ger poli 1pieceevaboutconsensualnatureofGerpoliafter1945:expectconsensustobenorm notblankstate1945on,systematicallyreconstructedtoencourmoderation+consensus Imp date: 1966 = SPD (party of L) + Christian democ (party of R) = coalition gov Grand Coalition Spans party sys as a whole, produces sense in Ger poli that opposit cannot be expressed in party sys b/c they were working together Encour formation of extra parli opposition in Ger poli begins to move towards diff kind of poli agenda, begins to break w/focus on materialist issues (econ distrib, post-materlist isssues, quality of life, ecology, identity issues, gender) Becomes seedbed for Green Movement + Party More than ecological party, crit of Ger instits ranges beyond Q of negative externalities of indus + indus growth Expression of new left Brit prob = consequence of what postwar settlement was in Brit poli Who governs trade unions/party in power? Interesting feature Brit poli: d
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