Class Notes (834,920)
Canada (508,824)
POLI 212 (235)
Lecture

4 - The Mechanics of Governing

2 Pages
135 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 212
Professor
Hudson Meadwell
Semester
Winter

Description
4: The Mechanics of Governing: Coalition Governments in Europe Vanberg and Martin - Consensus democ regime implies prevalence of coalition gov (norm) - Coalition gov not going to be norm in majoritarian regime - Diff electoral sys (PR/first past post), party sys (#), issue space - Argument: expectation that get two parties on average  e/person has posit on that 1 imp issue (ideal point), frequency distrib of voters - Where will parties locate when electoral sys is first past the post?  Vote maximizing machines, need 50% + 1 to form gov  Towards middle, median voter  person that divides electorate to two equal halves  Parties will tend to move towards electoral middle, voters when vote minimized distance b/w ideal point + posit of party  Assump: parties = vote maximizers, voters vote + don’t abstain  No matter how far party moves in this direction, if ideal point is there + this party is closer to ideal point than another party, that is the party you vote for  Very hard for third party to enter + become permanent party  Identitiesofpartiesmaychangeovertimelogic:shouldexpecttendencytowards2partysys - Legislatures where have party of gov + opposition  legis = place for adversarial poli to occur  Don’t expect permanently exclu fr/office, win 1 election, live + exist to fight another - Consensus poli more complicated  multiparty elections - Bottom line: consensus govs that depend on coalition  No single party large enough to form gov of its own (exceptions = rare) - Distinc b/w single party govs + coalitions:  Issue: how are interparty differences managed in coalition gov?  Initial conditions:  Parliamentary gov  Parliamentary gov w/consid delegation of authority (consid delegation of authority fr/legis to poli leader + cabinet  Legis comes fr/cabinet, individ cabinet ministers have great deal of autonomy w/in their cabinet portfolios + policy areas  Overall consequence: policy making fairly decentralised w/in the cabinet  Electoral rules = rules of propo rep (PR)  Notice: describing consensus democ in Lijphart’s terms  Basically going to ask: how do coalition govs work in consensus democs?  Political result (of initial condits):  Multiparty gov = norm  Problem that this poli result produces:  Coalition gov implies intra-coalition comprom  Question that they seek to answer in their research:  If coalition govs require comprom, how are comproms reached? And how are comproms reproduced over time? (How are they enforced?) esp in light of decentralised poli environ described above under i
More Less

Related notes for POLI 212

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit