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Lecture 2

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 222
Professor
Christa Scholtz
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 2: The Founding “Isms” Jan. 15, 2013 Lecture Themes - political ideas and the left-right continuum - changing of definitions over time - Hartz/ Horowitz: Fragment Theory - How much can political culture explain? The Left *"classical" socialism vs. "contemporary" socialism (social democrat) - socialism: collective/ community sense of value * individual must yield to some collective sense * "classical" socialism: social welfare, union movement, state intervention, market regulated by state * "contemporary" socialism: capitalism and market economics not a bad thing, doesn't all have to be all state planning and accepts that there is a role for the market and that gov't intervention is necessary to deal with issues (racialism, gender issues and redistribution of wealth) - ex: NDP, Jack Layton, * market: financial regulation, environmental regulation - Canadians are more socialist than Americans - discover the history The Middle *"Classical"/"Market" Liberalism vs. "Contemporary" Liberalism - Adam Smith: all men are created fundamentally equal and are naturally free, no natural rule for one person to be sovereign over others, if a ruler is to be legitimate it can not be that it is just an inheritance fact it must be consented by the ruled, citizen is always free to resist a ruler that acts illegitimately, maximum collective good only happens when market is allowed to be free **point of departure** - state should be protecting individual's autonomy - result: everyone is completely on their own = risk = some may fail, some may succeed - "contemporary" liberalism: there is a role in state in redistributing wealth by helping with equality of opportunities, need a minimal level of social welfare, capitalism requires some regulation (not weak state but from a state that can do stuff) The Right *"Classical" Conservatism vs. "contemporary" conservatism - "classical" : natural social hierarchy, need to maintain traditional order/code, some language of collectivism, state is seen to be acting appropriately if it is intervening to maintain order [ peace, order, good gov't ] - "contemporary" : no pure construct, might support individual freedom may be more important than social equality, might support some more strong gov't intervention than others, basis of s
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