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Lecture 10

Political Science 222 lecture 10.docx Party Systems

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Political Science
POLI 222
Christa Scholtz

Political Science February 16 2012Lecture 10 Party Systems Voters choice over what Electoral Rules Legislative seats organized how Political PartiesParties have influences on how things are organized in legislaturePolitical parties have a key role to play in forming voters choices argue what their continental choices are aboutPolitical parties Key to democratic development Adam Przewonski Democracy is a system in which parties lose electionsQuality of a democracy is linked to the development of competitive party systemo Having just one party therefore is not enough to think of democracy to be a flourishing political reality How do party systems change o Change in electoral ruleso Change in underlying bases of party support Need to understand the voter Cleavages support Important dimensions That have an impact on voters making a choice o Theres different party systems and transitions A Spatial Theory of VotingHow to voters decide on candidatesEx Voters care about the candidates position vis a vis for themselves Also we assume that its the majorities system the one with the most votes winsIn the middle we have a Median voter splits the distribution in half One party donkey party talks about his campaign he wins because there is no one else there to vote for therefore he wins they vote for the closest one thereConcept of Nash Equilibrium Im happy with my choices given whileeveryone else is happy with what they are doing if that is true for everyone involved then that is a Nash equilibrium
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