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POLI 222 (116)
Lecture 18

Lecture 18.pdf

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 222
Professor
Christa Scholtz

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Citizen Engagement Intro Role of citizen in policymaking? Ladder of citizen participation 1-2 Manipulation + therapy Nonparticipation 3-5 Informing + consultation + placation Tokenism 6-8 Partnership + delegated power + citizen control Citizen power Issues As there we go up the ladder, there is more power for citizens in the process, but there must also be accountability Citizen groups are not accountable to parliament Types of Mechanisms for Citizen Engagement Advisory bodies Public meetings Public hearings Inquiries Inquiries Act A person appointed by the government can investigate a question and the public can be invited to take part in those investigations Royal commissions Individuals can engage a broader policy question Holding public hearings To make recommendations to the gov. on any variety of subject Short Unrepresentative History of PE 1960's Not on the map Indian affairs: consultation process 1968 To review the Indian Act While opinions were strongly expressed, the policy which came out did not reflect the opinions of the Aboriginal people So even if there was resources invested in getting the community engaged, the conclusion was that this engagement did not increase the citizens' power in making a difference in policymaking 1970's Rise of environmental issues 1978: Bureau d'audiences publiques sur l'environnement An office apart from the Qc public service, you can download all the reports since its creation 1990: Canadian Env. Assessment Act You cannot legally conduct a env. assessment on a large project that has impact on the env. without including an important public involvement 1999: Canadian Env. Protection Act The legislation that deals with pollutants, so how much crap can be put into the env. and what is the legal framework regarding these pollutants Within it, the federal gov. took it that it would be advised by standing committees that they appointed, expert bodies, but still advisory 1990's 1993: Krever Inquiry Faced the issue of blood contamination with the Canadian Red Cross Health Canada 2000's 2004: Taku River and Haida Nation decisions The gov. has a legal duty to consult with First Nations and other communities Legal duty to consult with aboriginal title claimants Consultation process with provinces and federal government must meet a judicial standard Issues in PE Accountability/indemnification If you're going to involve citizens within the policymaking about risks, and those risky decisions fail, what is the responsibility degree of the citizens?
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