Class Notes (834,979)
Canada (508,839)
POLI 227 (298)
Rex Brynen (112)
Lecture 7

POLI 227 Lecture 7.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

POLI 227 January 18, 2013 Lecture 7 Decolonization – Americas: Wave of decolonization in Latin America in the first part of the 19 century  Spanish and Portuguese control weak in the early 19 century  Poli pwr passes to local white elite – they began to press for more independence from Europe for various poli and econ reasons  Hastened by American and French revolutions, Napoleonic Wars (heavy burden of warfare), US (Monroe Doctrine) and British policy (policy encouraged independence of colonies for geostrategic reasons) Decolonization – Asia:  Much later – post-ww2  Partition of India incredibly violent (ethnic cleansing etc.)  Dutch attempted to reassert control in Indonesia post-WW2 (failure)  French attempted to reassert control in Indochina post-WW2 (had collaborated w/ Japanese occupation during WW2)... British wanted French back in Vietnam post-WW2  French experienced insurgency and ultimately lost Vietnam Decolonization – Africa:  Unlike the Americas, where Europeanized populations led the struggle for independence, nat’list mvmts based on societal changes derived from colonialism spurred demands for independence Africa and Asia  Anti-colonialism in rural areas  Traditional elites had been marginalized or coopted o Marginalized elites wanted their influence back o Coopted elites were empowered and began to revel in their authority and reject subordination o New elites emerged and asked why they were subordinate to frgners in their own society  Peasants o Difficulty engaging in widespread resistance o No spare time, econ and educational resources, limited social horizons o However, peasant revolts did occur when poli econ of rural survival was threatened by colonial pwrs (e.g. forced labout system) o Peasant resistance was mostly quiet non-cooperation  Anti-colonialism in urban areas  Alienated rural migrants o Different groups come in contact w/ ea. other  localized IDs change and expand  Small but growing working class  Students, civil servants, professionals o Found their upward mobility blocked by the European “glass ceiling” – huge source of grievances  Petite bourgeoisie (petty merchants)  Bourgeoisie o System formulated to favour Western trade and its agents  Exposure to: o Education and ideas o Other social groups o Tech, comm, organization o Strengths and weaknesses of colonialism o WW2 exposed the hypocrisy of Western colonialism  “Linkage politics” – building cross-class alliances by aggregating diff grievances to ultimately create a unified nat’list struggle o This wasn’t easy – desires and preferences were very disparate across classes o The
More Less

Related notes for POLI 227

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.