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Lecture 9

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

POLI 227 January 28, 2013 Lecture 9 State-building and Regime Consolidation (con’t) Gov’t involvement in econ: expanding GDP The state’s econ roles:  State resources  Econ dvlpmt (esp in case of late dvlprs)  Poli tool (extractive potential, rewards and punishments to strengthen key constituencies)  Redistribution Many actions of states fall into several of these categories, e.g. land reform in Egypt under Nasser Regime consolidation:  Repression (stifle dissent; prevalent in authoritarian countries… many dvlping [esp authoritarian] overspend on defense and security, at the expense of funding for other sectors)  Pwrfl policy tool for authoritarian countries trying to stay in pwr; amt of repression that can take place in a democracy is much more constrained  Policies of authoritarian countries are not all about coercion, however… there is a certain inefficiency to repression (it can actually encourage popular anger/activism)  It is rare for even authoritarian regimes to stay in pwr solely through coercion… they need some msr of poli support (esp of the coercive apparatus)  Coalition-building (build support) Poli coalitions:  “Building blocks” (elements of poli coalitions)  Who are the social groups forming part of the governing coalition?  Democratic vs. authoritarian coalitions  “Glue” (what holds them together)  What keeps coalitions together?… ideas and resources (direct or indirect material benefits) Coalitions and regime types:  Competitive multi-party system  Poli parties articulate and aggregate interests  Support bases may be broad or narrow  Parties shaped by societal cleavages, electoral system o Single and multi-member constituency systems o Plurality and proportional rep systems o Significance of electoral system design – fundamental implications for the way politics plays out o De
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