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Lecture 10

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

POLI 227 January 30, 2013 Lecture 10 (con’t) Shared ideas may knit together a poli coalition:  Ideology  A (reasonably sophisticated) poli vision of the way the world works and the way it ought to work – a shared ideational blueprint of a better future  Poli culture  Underlying attitude of the population to such core issues as poli community (what is my group identity?) and poli authority (who has the right to rule me and why is that rule legit?)  Ideology and poli culture are related and build on ea other, though they are diff and studied in diff ways  Ideas/policies of groups will have an ideological component that appeals to the masses, and the success of policies may depend on presence of poli culture (poli culture has a role in determining which ideas resonate w/ the populace and in who wins debates/elections/etc.) Sources of poli socialization (where do poli ideas come from and how amenable are they to change?):  Family and peers – single most important predictor of your ideas are the views of your parents… there’s not a lot the state can do w/ regard to the implementation and transmission of poli ideas in this respect, though extremely authorities countries sometimes can due to fear of state penetration (preference falsification)… ppl will hide their views from their children in the interest of the safety of the family  Relg – the state may have somewhat more success in trying to influence the contact of relg, but it’s a sensitive issue (e.g. Church of England/break from Catholicism)… RELG IS SOMEWHAT RESISTENT TO STATE CONTROL  School – school is easily influenced by the state (issue of curriculum – repression, construction of nat’l identity)… poli ideas, nat’l identity, attitudes towards leaders can be taught/inculcated  Work – can be influenced by state in corporatist w/ trade systems, but state is generally weak in the workplace  Mass media – can be used to inculcate certain ideas… in democratic systems, enviro is competitive… use of mass media for indoctrination can happen (North Korea is a striking but fairly unique example)… it is becoming harder and harder for regimes to control media  China, Arab world are struggling w/ control of media  Although ideas are very important, regimes don’t have as much pwr as you would think to completely reshape ideas (e.g. collapse of USSR) Resources:  General, diffuse benefits  Specific benefits that flow to you as an individual (e.g.if you vote for a specific group)  Patron-client relations + state resources = neopatrimonialism
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