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Lecture 2

POLI 227 Lecture 2: What is Development

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 227
Rex J Brynen

POLI 227-1.1-What is the Developing World History Income/GDP -Global economic power used to be centered in Asia but shifted to Europe and Western society through the industrial revolution and colonialism -Trade issues have become a big deal because the world seems to be adjusting to its historical pattern of balance as opposed to Western domination of economics Poverty -There have been dramatic decreases in extreme poverty in the developing world and in child mortality -Much of these negative figures have fallen in half Education -Enrollment rates in primary education are now approaching 90% -Women’s education is especially important for child mortality rates -Helps increase health outcomes, attracts investment, allows for rapid development -Correlates with increasing literacy rates Definitions -First World: Western -Second World: Communist -Third World: The rest, but now implies development -Fourth? Fifth?: Differentiation of development -Global North and Global South: -NICs: Most successful developing nations -LDCs: Least developed -HIPCs: Subclass that concerns IMF and World Bank because these nations have serious external debt issues Measurement -Using Gross National Inco
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