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227 jan 23.rtf

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Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

Legacies of colonial era • Underdevelopmentalists see colonial era as fundamentally imp : they argue that it was during this era of colonial rule that relationships of dependence were established between developing countries and rich, industrialized countries. 1.economic relationships in terms of patterns of dependance on raw material exports, patterns for foreign investment and pol relationships : dominant influence 3.cultural legacies : regarding western world as enemy of development(implicit association with modernity), shaping behaviour, 4.two struggles : class struggle within developing countries (elites tied to western economic interests) and mass of rural and urban population. Foreign investment, nationalization etc. These two cycles of exploitation (within and between countries) 5.colonial era a period ins which fundamental set of inferior-sup, dominate-subordicate relationships • institutionalist perspective 1.some countries : institutions forged in colonial and immediate pist colonial countries had lasting implications. Legal systems influenced by colonizer, rule of law, judiciary (e.g. egyptian judiciary independence, indian judiciary : how they developed in colonial era and the way they saw their role) . Existence of political parties could be traced back to major nationalist movements in Asia and Africa. • Examining historical context of how developing world emerged : lasting effects • Modern post colonial under developing world 1.when colonial rule ended, much changed : new pol. demands, elites, govt. Some didn't change : society structure, class, wealth, religion (could be a legacy of colonialism) 2.interesting mixture of new pol structure and deep continuity of past as well • Significant pol. instability in post colonial ear in most countries 1.1945-72 : decolonization period 2.extra constitutional transfers 3.significant instability in much of the world 4.rate of coups declines in 70s : middle east, latin, sub sahara america. 5.much lower rate of military coups • countries in civil conflict : 90s is more intense, legacies of cold war, instability of immediate post cold war period • UN had an active role after cold war • lots of deaths : Bangladesh war, nigeria, congo, Rwandan civil war, guatemala civil war • Challenges of pol order and stability in post co
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