Women and Politics in LDCs
Women are most effective at influencing Third World Politics by acting in grassroots
Grassroots are communitybased groups, which give can women the leadership and
opportunities for participation that are denied to them at the national level.
Women address issues that really affect communities in developing nations: domestic
Women played were a central role in antiauthoritarian social movements, which paved
the way to democracy in the 1980s and the 1990s in numerous countries.
The women’s movements incorporated three types of political organizations, all are
largely urban based. First, feminist groups who consisted of middle class women.
Second, neighborhood organizations represented women from the urban slums and dealt
with issues such as making infant nutrition centers and other antipoverty activities.
However with time neighborhood organizations became increasingly politicized. Third
group was the women’s movement that was devoted to human rights.
There are urban women groups and rural groups. Initially both of the groups were led by
educated middle class women but as time passed on awareness grew leadership was
broader including a larger participation of women from all sorts of backgrounds.
Rural women movements and urban women movements differ on certain issues.
Rural movements are more likely to stage demonstration and protest than urban women.
Rural movements’ goals were focused on redistributive actions such as wealth and land.
Rural women movements’ ‘aggressiveness’ to voicing their wants is the result of them
being in a more surrounded by a politically hostile government. Urban groups are seen as
being more moderate than their rural counterparts: they voiced their wants to peaceful
Women are underrepresented in most parts of the world similarly in industrialized
countries and developing countries. Social, economic and cultural factors account for the
underrepresentation of women. Because women in developing countries have insufficient
education, low incomes, lower status and low economic resources and that renders them
incapable of satisfying the needs of holding a public or political office. In sum, women in LDCs are unable to provide a large number of viable candidates for political jobs.
Research has shown that the most important factor between political inequality between
men and women is the relative control over income. Another reason for the
underrepresentation of women in large parts of the developing world is the large
prejudice against women participation in the politics: especially in the Islamic world. In
recent years the political inequality that exist between men and women has narrowed
because many of the women have gained education, better incomes, access to jobs and
the prejudice against them working in public spaces has gradually diminished.
However, the most important fact for the increase in equality between men and women
over the last two decades is the introduction of genderbased quotas in parliament.
Genderbased quotas have been introduced to enhance the number of women in the
parliament. Gender based quotas