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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

8 Statebuilding and Regime Consolidation At independenceMuch has changed o End to colonial rule o New state and state machinery o New political demandsButmuch hasnt o Economic dependency o Structure of local society The instability of most postcolonial regimes o CoupsFirst 30 years of decolonization 60 successful military coups in Africa alone o Civil conflictLots of irregular change of power VERY FEW because of elections StabilityInstability The instability of most postcolonial regimesnnHow important is stability o Stability as prerequisiteEg how can you pursue economic development How can you protect human rights without political stability o Stability and repressionEg Saddam Hussein was very stableMaintaining order o Industrialized vs developing world o Growing political stabilityEconomic growthresources institutionalisation democratization timeRich countries arent always stable poor countries arent always unstable but there is a correlation WhyWith more resources able to meet more demandsMaybe economic development and institutionalization develop hand in hand Two Major TasksStatebuilding Building resources and capabilities of the state o State capacityAdministration bureaucracy coercion o State strengthAutonomy from social groups is it captured by a particular group or have some degree of relative autonomy
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