Class Notes (808,131)
Canada (493,086)
POLI 227 (298)
Rex Brynen (112)

JANUARY 16.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

JANUARY 16, 2012  The developmental approach causes problems because it’s based on the idealized notion of how the West developed (the history of Western Europe was not one of smooth progress either). It is based on a romanticized idea of the ideal transition (idealized imagery of the West).  In the developing world, decolonization was often followed by political disorder, not development (civil war, regime collapse, military coup, etc.).  This leads to a revision of the modernist approach- Samuel Huntington (1968) believed that (1) modernization led to social mobilization, which led to new demands. And (2) modernization leads to capabilities (economy expands, new technology, ability to collect taxes, new governance- capabilities of the state), which leads to the development of institutions.  Huntington believed that political decay was the result of these chains of causality when the first equation overshadows the other and the system is overwhelmed (ex. If the state cannot provide the citizens with the demands they are making because they don’t have the resources). This will result in protest, revolution, civil war, etc.  If the demands increase along with the government capabilities and the development of institutions, the country can remain in a stable period. If 1 moves fast than 2, the cause is decay or instability, and if 2 moves faster than 1 (government power grows faster than citizens desires) the result is order and repression (authoritarian regime/abuses of power).  The underdevelopment approach argued that developmentalists are wrong and ethnocentric to suggest one dynamic only for political and economic development. They argue it is factually wrong, and that there is a fundamental difference between a Western Europe developing as the most powerful global actor than the developing world which is developing in an inferior position politically and particularly economically subordinate the West. There is a relationship of dependency (dependence rd of 3 world countries on raw material exports), relied on terms of trade w/ and unequal exchange, and a first world control of advanced technology, the operation of first world multinational corporations, and international debt.  This centre periphery or “metropolis satellite” relationship is reproduced within third world societies through: “the comprador elite” (a small, wealthy bourgeoisie, with traditional ties to first world business interest), a large mass of urban and rural poor, and poles of underdevelopment and development.  In the hierarchy, the north is over the southern compradors that are over the southern masses.  The Dependency theorists believe that 3rd world development is a product of the nature of the relationship with the West and the world capitalist
More Less

Related notes for POLI 227

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.