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APRIL 4.docx

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Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

APRIL 4, 2012:  Urban insurrection  From the centre to the periphery, or mixed  Role of the military  Rural guerrilla warfare  Periphery to the centre, mixed- usually goes through multiple stages (hiding, small scale hit and run activities, creating liberated or no-go zones, then shifting to a phase of mobile warfare and larger scale warfare).  Four stages: 1. Small scale hit and run 2. Creation of liberated zones 3. Mobile warfare 4. Full confrontation  What do revolutionary regimes do one in power? (What are the effects?) o Initial seizure of power o Country-revolutionary war o External challenges (ex. In the Bolshevik revolution, Western counties tried to intervene to stop the revolution) o Internal debates (once in power)  Domestic debate: Compromise vs. revolutionary transformation (moderate vs. radical). It is easy for the radicals to win this debate immediately after winning.  Caution vs. exporting the revolution (radical) o Maturation of the revolution Democracy and Democratization Defining democracy:  In our earlier discussion… o Competitive multi-party o Restricted multi-party (playing field isn’t completely free or fair or the elected body doesn’t have the real power) o One/no-party states  Procedural vs. substantive democracy o Procedural: regular elections, free vote. It meets relatively minimal conditions. o Substantive: broader context of equality, pluralism, tolerance; those who say democracy is only meaningful if it there is no systematic discrimination or marginalization, even if the elections are fair.  Democratization: about participation, about people having some influence in the shaping of public policy (doesn’t necessarily involve an expansion of liberties)  Political Liberalization: is about a context of freedom where people can articulate their goals. You can have a degree of political freedom without participation (ex. Mubarak’s Egypt- a liberalized authoritarian regime)  Hybrid regimes: regimes that are part way between two sides- they have undergone significant liberalization and some democratization, but there are in no way liberal democracy. ex) Morocco  Three and a half waves of democratization o First wave (1828-1926)
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