Class Notes (807,533)
Canada (492,707)
POLI 227 (294)
Rex Brynen (112)

MARCH 23.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

McGill University
Political Science
POLI 227
Rex Brynen

MARCH 23, 2012: News Story: There was a coup in Mali (North-Western Africa) by lower officers. It was flawed democracy and the trigger was that the military thought it was getting enough money to fight the insurgency that is fuelled by the influx of arms from the Libyan civil war. It does not appear to have been a general’s coup, it seemed to be lieutenants, captains and officers. Donors have responded by cutting off a lot of aid to force coup leaders to step down, but this may not be sustainable in the long wrong because the citizens of Mali bear the burden of cut aid. It is a classic guardian coup- it is not hugely reformist or to protect old privileges, it is very particular dissatisfactions within the military. News Story: The elections in Senegal (North-Western Africa) resulted in a successful handing over of the presidency. o Political rigidity- as result of decolonization (particularly when leaders didn’t want to lead- ex. Vietnam, Angola, etc.), decaying monarchies (monarchies have difficulty reforming because it is a closed political elite because it is hereditary. The puzzle here is that the Middle East has a lot of surviving monarchies that have a great deal of power), personalistic dictatorships (which have some parallels with monarchies- the Gadhafi regime in Libya was like this- almost monarchical, a close elite). The argument is that revolutions occur when leaders don’t adapt. o A challenge from below is not enough… Both the ruled need to revolt AND the rulers can’t supress the uprising. o State weakness: under what conditions is the state so weak it cannot supress the revolution from below  Decolonization (colonial powers became to costly to stay, ex. British from South Yemen- it is no longer worth hanging onto the colony)  War (ex. The Chinese and Russian Revolutions, the state is weakened during the war and in the aftermath)  Economic decline  Loss of external support (ex. The overthrow of the Somali regime had a lot to do with the end of the Cold War when the US and Russia no longer supported and propped up countries in Africa to demonstrate their supremecy.)  How do revolutions occur? (What are the processes?) o From the centre to the periphery: When the revolutionaries first seize control of the centre, capital and major urban areas, and gradually expand their control. By definition, the capital is usually the hardest place to take and the regime is strongest there. For example, Tripoli was the last place to fall in Libya; the troops are concentrated in Damascus in Syria (ex. Russian Revolutions in 1917 which were urban revolutions and then a long extended period during the Russian civil war to gain the rural land, Iranian Revolution in 1979 occurred in Tehran first) o From the periphery to the centre: ex. China, Vietnam against the French, Cuba, Taliban More frequently, the rebels start in the areas where the regime is weakest, in the mountains, countryside, by the border, and slowly build up support here and slowly expand the area under their control until they’ve expanded to be able to surround and take the
More Less

Related notes for POLI 227

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.