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Lecture 8

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 243
Mark Brawley

Lecture 8: The Domestic or National Level 1/30/2012 8:41:00 AM “opening the black box” examples of domestic-level theories  culture o why did Germany start the war? o Changes really slowly  Not a good causable variable o What do the people of that society want to protect/what do they see as important  Regime-type o Germany did not have a democracy  Could create their own foreign policy o Shows up in cold war as well  Contest between US and democracy vs. Soviet Union  Ideology o Communists believed in one party o Why do some states worry about certain goals  Domestic stability o Stability of gov’t o Domestic unrest o Some kind of internal stability and gov’t must use foreign policy to fix it  Economic characteristics o Why would country that could supply needs internally be less involved in WTO than import based economy country Mixing characteristics  Population density o High/low  Technology o High/low  US o High tech low pop density o Could supply resources internally o Did not collapse when trading halted  Japan o High tech high pop denity o Island o Flourishes with trade o Cannot export – cannot afford imports – need to use military to get resources  China o Low tech high pop density o China needs access to foreign markets Theories focusing on domestic institutions  Democracy vs. Autocracy o Are autocracies necessarily bad?  Easy to get a straight answer from the gov’t  The democratic peace o Why do democracies fight  We don’t know o Theories tell us that if you change other countries regime (democratic), you will get along with them, even if
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