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Poli 243- Jan 23rd Notes.docx

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 243
Mark Brawley

Poli 243 Lecture Notes January 23 2013 Domestic Level Theories “Opening the black box”  Characteristics of the states that makes them different  Internal characteristics of the state  Societies (the things that they want) and the way they go about achieving what they want are different Examples of domestic-level theories  Culture o Start of the two world wars  German (Why?) o Drawback of this approach: lots of different states start work o Culture changes very slowly, and its not clear that  Government o Regime type o Looks for different things when interacting with different states o How democratic states deal with each other  Reluctant to use force with each other  Democratic sources must have popular action otherwise voters will outvote the action  Different kinds of relations to other regime types such as monarchies  Ideology o Cold war  What are the defining features?  States promoting different ideologies o U.S. Promoting capitalism and free trade and democracy o Soviets  Marxist for everyone, world revolutions, centralized planning  If you strip away the ideological differences, the cold war can end  Ideological states  Domestic Stability o Why would the Germans want to go to war in 1914?  Taking on Russia and France at the same time  The Kaiser was worried about continuing to rule in Germany, the most popular party was the social democratic party  The Kaiser thought that war to conclude that you need a certain type of institutions o Constantly in a crisis because of our external enemies, therefore you must sacrifice for the nation and the state because if you don’t you will be destroyed by your enemies  Economic characteristics o Poor states behave differently than wealthy states o Robert North (Mixing Characteristics)  Population density & Technology influences demands  Ratio of population to resources  Technology: how industrialized the society is  How to make your society function more effectively  U.S.  Low population density  Self sufficient in food and most key resources  Take away trade and move to protectionism, U.S. still has economic problems but not because of trade, but no one is in critical and economic issues because of lack of trade  Japan On the other hand, Japan in the 1930’s, have a lot of people on not a lot of land and therefore need inputs from elsewhere, because in 1930’s they are industrializing and therefore need food, as they cannot produce all the food they need on their own island  They need resources coal, oil, resources that they don’t have enough of domestically  For Japan, when trade falls apart, it is a disaster for them  Germany lost because they ran out of resources  Debate in the 1920’s in Japan  What do we do to secure our resources?  Military- secure stability  1930’s  Protectionism, trade collapses in the early 1920s Theories focusing on domestic Institutions  Democracy vs. Autocracy o World War 1  people have different ideas of how to prevent another war o Democratic states will behave more responsibility  Changing Germany to a democratic state
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