Class Notes (839,147)
Canada (511,218)
POLI 244 (357)

Week 7 Lecture notes.docx

5 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 244
Jason Scott Ferrell

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
October 15, 2012 Discussions of War What is war? Two definitions of war that are influential and how we can understand it.  Karl Van Clausewitz? o “The Art of War”  The correlates of war project o Attempt to unpack and determine the empirical conditions that define war. o found in WP chapter 3 beginning. What does war refer to?  Direct violence between state actors  does invoke a set of emotional responses o + - and intellectual  War is not always the “bad” thing. o Ancient Athens, war was considered a displace of superiority  Of race  Culture  Their version of “Superman” was Hercules  they idealized an individual that was a warrior, they associated something good with the idea of war. o The Romans idealized the idea of war as well.  In terms of moral language.  they talk about virtue  In latin, virtu vir has connatations of veal, steadfastness...  imperium= empire, justifying conquest  Positive connations  Romantics..asthethic writers who want to talk about the nature of struggle and how it can define our identities, or clarify our idea of artistic… o social Darwinism o we should pursue struggle o Nietzsche—the wield of power  Nazi—the war serves to establish your identity.  Cultivates character  Advances civilization  Kant- war is an engine to the spread of democracy  Helps develop ones culture (Odyssey could not have been written without war)  What are our major works concerning war today?  Momentable about the idea of war  Our attempts to define it are going to try and move away from the understanding of war. Keep this in mind for Shelling  Point: war is not conceptually self-evident. o “War on Drugs” o “War on Terror”  What would victory actually be?  Attempts to render the idea of war intelligible o different scholars define it differently o GET NAME from Recording: historical method—tries to generalize from examples that he sees before him. War can be understood by having two dimensions:  Normative dimension:  Factual dimension In terms of ? attempt to collect data  to allow for scientific study of war o is this possible? o 1816—the advent of the modern state system.  When people started taking social statistics o Verifiable and concrete variables and conditions of war o Survey history and find out when war is likely to occur o Provide a definition based on history  work with the idea that War is an activity that takes place between state actors. o Potential problems: war can occur without state actors  War on terror  Intra-state conflict (civil wars) o Limitation—state v. state belef  Try to find a pattern that leads to war  deep disagreements between states which can generate crisses—from these crisis’ we can be lead to war. o How do we draw the line—conceptually? DISTINGUISHES CRISIS FROM WAR  Magnitude  Severity  Intensity Anticipate what’s coming next. Regarding empirical findings  the incidence of war in the 19 -20h thcentury are basically the same, that said; th th o system level war is greater in the 19 century than 20  BC the colonialism, the imperialist conflicts between one another. o Fatalities—most important contribution of this approach  Victors have less fatalities than losers  We cannot determine the # of fatalities that we need to inflict upon one another to get them to stop fighting.  Wars in Europe wages higher  IGO’s do not affect the adherence of war  Nations stop participating in inter- gov’tal … during war and continue after war.  Alliances have a negative effect in the 19 th century th
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.