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Lecture

Week 7 Lecture notes.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 244
Professor
Jason Scott Ferrell

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October 15, 2012 Discussions of War What is war? Two definitions of war that are influential and how we can understand it.  Karl Van Clausewitz? o “The Art of War”  The correlates of war project o Attempt to unpack and determine the empirical conditions that define war. o found in WP chapter 3 beginning. What does war refer to?  Direct violence between state actors  does invoke a set of emotional responses o + - and intellectual  War is not always the “bad” thing. o Ancient Athens, war was considered a displace of superiority  Of race  Culture  Their version of “Superman” was Hercules  they idealized an individual that was a warrior, they associated something good with the idea of war. o The Romans idealized the idea of war as well.  In terms of moral language.  they talk about virtue  In latin, virtu vir has connatations of veal, steadfastness...  imperium= empire, justifying conquest  Positive connations  Romantics..asthethic writers who want to talk about the nature of struggle and how it can define our identities, or clarify our idea of artistic… o social Darwinism o we should pursue struggle o Nietzsche—the wield of power  Nazi—the war serves to establish your identity.  Cultivates character  Advances civilization  Kant- war is an engine to the spread of democracy  Helps develop ones culture (Odyssey could not have been written without war)  What are our major works concerning war today?  Momentable about the idea of war  Our attempts to define it are going to try and move away from the understanding of war. Keep this in mind for Shelling  Point: war is not conceptually self-evident. o “War on Drugs” o “War on Terror”  What would victory actually be?  Attempts to render the idea of war intelligible o different scholars define it differently o GET NAME from Recording: historical method—tries to generalize from examples that he sees before him. War can be understood by having two dimensions:  Normative dimension:  Factual dimension In terms of ? attempt to collect data  to allow for scientific study of war o is this possible? o 1816—the advent of the modern state system.  When people started taking social statistics o Verifiable and concrete variables and conditions of war o Survey history and find out when war is likely to occur o Provide a definition based on history  work with the idea that War is an activity that takes place between state actors. o Potential problems: war can occur without state actors  War on terror  Intra-state conflict (civil wars) o Limitation—state v. state belef  Try to find a pattern that leads to war  deep disagreements between states which can generate crisses—from these crisis’ we can be lead to war. o How do we draw the line—conceptually? DISTINGUISHES CRISIS FROM WAR  Magnitude  Severity  Intensity Anticipate what’s coming next. Regarding empirical findings  the incidence of war in the 19 -20h thcentury are basically the same, that said; th th o system level war is greater in the 19 century than 20  BC the colonialism, the imperialist conflicts between one another. o Fatalities—most important contribution of this approach  Victors have less fatalities than losers  We cannot determine the # of fatalities that we need to inflict upon one another to get them to stop fighting.  Wars in Europe wages higher  IGO’s do not affect the adherence of war  Nations stop participating in inter- gov’tal … during war and continue after war.  Alliances have a negative effect in the 19 th century th
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