Class Notes (835,044)
Canada (508,887)
POLI 244 (357)
Lecture 16

POLI 244 Lecture 16: POLI 244 11-9-2016
Premium

4 Pages
49 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 244
Professor
Fernando Nunez- Mietz
Semester
Fall

Description
POLI 244-World Politics-11/9/2016 and 11/14/2016 Constructivism Poverty of Materialism -Brute facts vs social facts -Brute facts are just there, while social facts are constructs built by collectively shared knowledge -Intangible factors build social facts -Behavior vs action -Behavior is a brute fact without social context -Action has to have context -Action=behavior+meaning -Reality can be so complex that equally valid observations from different angles can appear contradictory -Regulative rules -Exists independently of the action it regulates -For example driving on the right side was precluded by the action of driving -Laws of war designate actions, but one can still violate the rule and be fighting a war -Constitutive rules -Don’t regulate but create the ability to do something -Playing chess only exists if the rules are followed -Social facts can only exist within this framework -Regulative rules can become constitutive rules -For example, old rules about the conduct of war have become constitutive as to what the very nature of war even is Structures of Systems -NeorealismMaterial capabilities change through time as polarity does -ConstructivistsSocial relations -Nature of social structures -Shared ideas determine identities and relationships -Nature of power relations differs from more materialistic looks -Not just through material capability buildup, but through social relations of subordination -Power relations can be changed in non-material ways -Like with slavery, where material power didn’t change, but rather conceptions of the institution’s legitimacy -Social structures can vary widely, and are not always explained by material power like the following two structures -Security dilemma is shared mistrust where states define interest in self help terms -Security community, however is a system of shared knowledge and trustworthiness -Structure of shared knowledge determines what the hell material power means -Use of security forces have different meanings and thus garner different responses -Practices are the third component -Others were material resources and shared understandings/expectations -No structure is purely material or ideational -The practices really determine what ends up happening -Behavorial practices are the finalizing steps for institutional change -Things only exist because of the practices that sustain them, like security dilemmas Individual and Structures -Subjective and intersubjective structures matter -Intersubjective: cannot be destroyed by individuals, meaning given by social interactions Acting in and onto the International System -States don’t act in a social vacuum -Shared knowledge builds a social structure that then builds specific interests which determine behavior -Room for rationalism between state interests and state interactions -Must get to state interests through social structures and state identies -Security dilemmapotential enemy identityseeking to boost defense and be competitiveactions -Where do structures come from? -Realists: Anarchy, not social structure or identity -Constructivists: Social structures come from practices of states -Actions feed back into structures and reproduce them -Behavior reinforces norms and structures -Has meaning only in the framework
More Less

Related notes for POLI 244

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit