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Political Science
POLI 244
Stephen Saideman

Thinking about Individuals Assumption of rational utility maximizers They have different priorities/values Choices made by politicians are based on such Different experiences, which shape their choices/beliefs Reality of Foreign Policy Bush/Rumsfeld vs Obama/Gates Chretien vs Martin vs Harper e.g. Harper wanted Canadians to be at one place (Afghanistan) only Chirac vs Sarkozy Sarkozy likes NATO Chirac did not like the USA, so did everything to go against them Qaddafi Cognition How to people take decisions and turn them into policy Motivation by bias and emotions The decisions you make when angry are different than when you're happy Dick Cheney complete change of attitude after the events of 9/11 If you have stereotypes, you will look for evidence and deny the counterarguments Cognitive consistency e.g. In IR, if you think threats always work, you will ignore situations when they don't work People gamble more to avoid losing, than to win Analogical reasoning e.g. People comparing Vietnam war with Afghanistan war We tend to compare the past with current events --> prevent repetition of mistakes Group think Everybody will agree on the same perception of the world Might not be realistic
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