Class Notes (835,108)
Canada (508,934)
POLI 322 (59)
Lecture

POLI 322 nov 9.docx

4 Pages
76 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 322
Professor
Narendra Subramanian
Semester
Fall

Description
POLI 322 – Lecture Notes November 9, 2012 ETHNICITYAND PLURALISM IN INDIA -ethnic parties have become more important in politics since the 1980s -some ethnic movements have operated within the democratic electoral system -others engage in violence, sometimes in the form of secessionist movements SOME ETHNIC MOEVEMENT TRAJECTORIES -Kashmiri nationalism: autonomism, late secessionism despite state repression -Sikh nationalism: potentially tolerant autonomism, not acommadated -Dravidianism: autonomism based on language and caste, no secessionism, violence despite limited accommodation -BSP: lower caste empowerment through electoral representation -Kashmir is the only Muslim state in India -they demanded greater autonomy for Kashmir -some Kashmiri nationalists demanded secession -state policy was influenced by the experience of the formation of Pakistan  also by the claims of the Pakistani state to areas of Kashmir -movement was led my Muslims -so many interpreted this language-based movement as a Muslim movement -since Pakistan had already been formed, people saw shades of the Pakistan movement in it -major Kashmiri nationalist organization leaned toward India and supported integration -but suspicions that the demands for autonomy were really demands for secession or integration in Pakistan meant that the Indian government never conducted a plebiscite there -national government also repeated rigged elections to bring parties in alliance with Congress Party to power -so Kashmiri nationalism felt quite a bit of suppression -until 1970s, Kashmiri nationalists demanded a plebiscite -mid-1970s: leader of the national conference accepted unconditional integration of Kashmir in India -after another decade of electoral malpractices, by the late 1980s a secessionist surge emerged -some groups demanded integration in Pakistan -most popular groups demanded independence of Kashmir from both India and Pakistan -1950s: Sikh movement demanded formation of a state for Sikhs -it was a religious movement -secularism of the Indian state made policymakers reluctant to give into these religious demands -some demanded secession from late 1970s to early 1990s -demand for secession was never widely popular - repression of the state was more effective in the Sikh movement: -Dravidian movement: strong in southeast India -been dominant for the last 4 decades -initial claims of the movement had potential -mobilization along caste and language lines -upper castes and speakers of northern Indian languages were excluded -however, the movement changed its strategy -gave up the demands it initially made for secession -reduced its opposition to particular groups -maintained a somewhat tolerant society -growth of the movement was one reason why Hindu nationalism was relatively weak -government did not accommodate the demands of the movement any more than it accommodated the demands of the Sikh movement -BSP: leadership has been drawn from lower castes -has given greatest attention to improving social and economic rights among the lower castes -but the party grew EXPLANATIONS OF ETHNIC POLITICS IN INDIA 1. Experience of multi-ethnic society; problems of explaining:  viability of mul
More Less

Related notes for POLI 322

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit