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POLI 322 nov 7.docx

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 322
Narendra Subramanian

POLI 322 – Lecture Notes November 7, 2012 HINDU NATIONALISM -organzations and activities -ideology ORGANIZATIONS, ACTIVITIES -RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh; started 1925) -VHP (Vishwa Hindu Parishad; 1964) -BJS/BJP (Bharatiya Jan Sangh/Bharatiya Janata Party; 1949) -agitations: Ayodhya/Babri Masjid, National unity processions -RSS is meant to small -meant to contain the people who are more ideologically cconvinced -exclusively male -doesn’t try to maximize membership -became much more influential in India itself -got people to paint bricks with the name of their warrior king, to send over tho the appropriate part of the temple -led to the mosque being destroyed in 1972 -BJP gives greatest attention to maximizing support -at times the party has done this by presenting a more moderate fface -party especially did this in the early 1980s when they claimed a commitment to Gandhian socialism -2004: led a multiparty coalition government -while its focus remains Hindu nationalism, not everyone who supports the party supports it for that reason  other common reason: discontent with other parties  Party has an image of being less corrupt than others  Stronger than Congress Party -focus on Hindu identity IDEOLOGY -Hindu identity: ancestry/based on cultural and territorial belonging -hierarchical inclusion -intolerance -religious nationalism -one is a Hindu who accepts greater India (includes various regions to which Hindu myhts refer) to be his father land and a sacred land -father land = land of ancestors -sacred land = land who’s significance is religious -sense of political community is bonded by that -however, if one looks at who’s likely to regard India this way, it’s often those who’s religious sentiments tie them to south Asia -likely to abandon these links -not many Muslims have seen themselves in such a manner -Hindu nationalists are more accepting -exclusionary features of Hindu nationalism are not always silent -some state that Muslims and other non-Hindus will always be second class cizitens, and will only be tolerated if they are passive in public life -variety of deities -majority of Hindu nationalist leaders are comfortable with that -however they are concerned with reconciling the diversity of religious paracticies, language, and caste with a social-political common front -Hindus could become a l
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