Class Notes (839,195)
Canada (511,223)
POLI 322 (59)
Lecture

POLI 322 sept 12.docx

4 Pages
45 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 322
Professor
Narendra Subramanian

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
POLI 322 – Lecture Notes September 12, 2012 Caste and Society: Colonial Political Institutions -conferences open for registration -conferences start next Wed, Sept 19 -presentations during conferences -the later your presentation, the more is expected Untouchability -most extensive social, ritual and economic restrictions -exclusion from public spaces, resource access -labor and service obligations -untouchability literal in some regions -frequency of violence -main roots: agrarian bondage -there is a strict list of castes which are considered “untouchables”: scheduled castes -a little over 16% of the Indian population -these groups tend to be undercounted in censuses, so their actual count may be higher -in other countries, they either aren’t as carefully counted or aren’t counted at all -in Pakistan and Bangladesh, they essentially deny the fact that untouchability exists Missing in Static View -scope for change in status  different ways in which groups could move up/down in status  festivals; being closer to the front increases your social status  priestly groups had more power than anyone else to have an effect on status  in some cases, caste groups form within a caste that are more successful, thus separating themselves from the parent caste and moving up in status  sometimes groups also moved down -varna-jati: non-correspondence  varna is the larger category, jati is the subcategory  however, varna status of certain jatis can be uncertain  varna status of caste was more definite in Northern/Central India where there were greater concentrations of Hindus -regional variations  lineage and clans are particularly important in Western India; functioned almost like class  nature of the economy also made a difference; in regions of longterm largescale agriculture, caste tended to be more hierarchical  in other regions, there was a larger middle (where the stages of caste are somewhat uncertain)  in some region, the restrictions associated with certain castes were uncertain (e.g. unapproachability) -caste and occupation don’t coincide  this relationship is not a 1:1 relationship  more correspondence at the upper and lower ends of the spectrum  not too many upper caste people were poor, and many in the bottom castes were agricultural workers with very little valuable land  in the middle, there is more indeterminacy -changes in social arenas in which caste relevant  as big cities grew, the established places where caste mattered which existed in small villages couldn’t necessarily be maintained  marriage networks continue to be important  however, amongst some groups, even this has become more flexible -relevance of caste among non-Hindus  caste is read out for Hindu scripture and should be read out through that religion  however sometimes it is translated to other faiths in South Asia  Sri Lanka: Buddhist, Hindus, Christians, and Sikhs also retain the case titles of their ancestors  middle to lower status groups often have caste titles that link to occupation (similar to Hindus)  Untouchables are a smaller group  among Muslims, caste titles are more attached to occupation in Northern India and Pakistan than in Southern/Eastern India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh -claim that Hinduism cast their shadow over other religions’ practices -but in fact caste has different forms of justification amongst different religious groups Changes Under Colonial Rule -reified caste, aiming to preserve tradition  some routes to mobility closed off  legal recognition of caste privilege -“modernizing” changes  preferential policies  commercialization  Christian proselytization and responses -censuses had a huge impact -number of people belonging to particular castes was counted -this changed the nature of caste identity -although caste has changed quite a bit, some pre-colonial aspects of castes still exist -colonialism had an ambiguous effect on the idea of caste -in some ways, colonial rule froze the caste syste
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit